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fme_614035 - SECOND EMPIRE Coffret de trois médailles, Exposition Universelle, Commission du Royaume-Uni de Grande Bretagne et d’Irlande, Services rendus

SECOND EMPIRE Coffret de trois médailles, Exposition Universelle, Commission du Royaume-Uni de Grande Bretagne et d’Irlande, Services rendus AU
850.00 €(Approx. 1037.00$ | 739.50£)
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Type : Coffret de trois médailles, Exposition Universelle, Commission du Royaume-Uni de Grande Bretagne et d’Irlande, Services rendus
Date: 1867
Mint name / Town : Paris
Metal : copper
Diameter : 67,5 mm
Engraver Hubert Ponscarme (1827-1903)
Weight : 283,65 g.
Edge : lisse + abeille CUIVRE
Puncheon : Abeille (1860 - 1880) CUIVRE
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Jolie patine marron pour ces trois médailles
Predigree :
Ce coffret provient d’une vente Hess Divo, Auction 2, lot 233

Obverse


Obverse legend : NAPOLEON III - EMPEREUR.
Obverse description : Tête laurée à gauche, signé : H. PONSCARME F..

Reverse


Reverse legend : (DIVERS REVERS).

Commentary


Dans ce beau coffret rouge à feutrine et soie violine, gaufré de l’emblème impériale à l’avers, mais présentant un aspect abîmé au dos, vous trouverez ces trois médailles d’Henri Ponscarme :
- Pour services rendus, avec pour revers la légende (EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE DE MDCCCLXVII // POUR SERVICES RENDUS) autour des deux angelots soutenant un cartouche encadrés d’un aigle impérial et d’une couronne de laurier, attribué à LORD OVERSTONE, poids : 159,5g, abeille CUIVRE, diamètre : 67,5 mm (cet exemplaire présente quelques taches noires au revers. Légers frottements visibles)
- Médaille de l’exposition avec la légende : EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE DE MDCCCLXVIII À PARIS, représentant la Renommée volant au-dessus du globe terrestre avec un plan d’architecte de l’exposition, poids : 60,91g, abeille CUIVRE, diamètre : 50,50 mm (quelques petites taches au revers)
- Médaille d’administration avec la légende : EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE DE MDCCCLXVIII À PARIS - PARTICIPATION A L’OEUVRE INTERNATIONALE // COMMISSION DU ROYAUME UNI DE GRANDE BRETAGNE & D’IRLANDE, poids : 63,24g, abeille CUIVRE, diamètre : 50,5 mm
L’ensemble a été décernée à Lord Overstone, Samuel Jones-Loyd,1796-1883, banquier et politicien britannique.

Historical background


SECOND EMPIRE

(2/12/1852-4/09/1870)

Proclaimed emperor under the name of Napoleon III, Louis Napoleon made his solemn entry into Paris December 2, 1852. He married Marie Eugenie de Montijo, a Spanish aristocrat, in January 1853. His reign can be divided into three periods: the authoritarian Empire until 1860, the Liberal Empire from 1860 to 1870 and the Parliamentary Empire in 1870. During the authoritarian Empire, Napoleon III exerts its unchallenged power, control the press while newspapers practice self-censorship to avoid deletion. Prefects exercise unlimited power in the departments, mayors, civil servants are appointed by the government. As under the First Empire, Education and the University are monitored. Now the main principles of the revolution, the people's sovereignty is continued through consultation by plebiscite. On the economic front, the growth is important, industrialization develops and credit agencies and department stores. Military prestige is enhanced by the Crimean War that allows France to play an international role. The attack Orsini (January 1858) does not preclude the France to intervene in Italy to overcome the principle of nationalities and allows the annexation of Nice and Savoy by the Treaty of Turin (March 1860). In 1860, the Empire is moving towards more freedoms: free trade treaty of commerce with England, the appearance of a weak opposition in the Legislature, granting the right to strike (1864), liberalization of the press (1868). On the international level, France acquires New Caledonia, Cochin and encourages digging of the Suez Canal by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Mexico, support for Maximilian and Austria, however, is a failure. The elections of 1869 are very bad for the regime and the opposition gets 45% of votes. The system then evolves towards a parliamentary Empire calling Émile Ollivier, chief Orléanist and Liberal party in power. After Sadowa in 1866 when Prussia crushed Austria, the case of the throne of Spain and the Ems telegram lead to war was declared July 19, 1870. Accumulating setbacks, the French army was surrounded in Metz and Napoleon III, sick, capitulated at Sedan on September 2. As soon as the news was known, the decay of the Empire is announced by Gambetta and the Republic was proclaimed on September 4. Napoleon III was then taken captive in Hesse and share in Kent, where he died in 1873.

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