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Live auction - brm_860422 - SCIPIO AND CRASSUS Denier

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live-auctionLive starting :
2023/12/05 14:00:00
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Type : Denier
Date: 47-46
Mint name / Town : Afrique, Utique
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 950 ‰
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 3,53 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Flan centré. Usure importante, particulièrement au revers sur lequel sont présentes plusieurs fines rayures. Type bien reconnaissable cependant. Patine grise


Obverse legend : Q. METEL. PIV[S]/ [S]CIPIO IMP/ GT. - A.
Obverse description : Genius (Génie) de l’Afrique (Sekhet) debout de face avec le masque de lion, tenant l’ankh de la main droite.
Obverse translation : “Quintus Metellus Pius Scipio Imperator/ Genius Tetelaris Africæ”, (Quintus Metellus pieux Scipion imperator/ Génie tutélaire de l’Afrique).


Reverse legend : P. CRASSVS IVN/ [LE]G PRO PR.
Reverse description : Victoria (la Victoire) debout à gauche, tenant un caducée de la main droite et un petit bouclier rond de la gauche.
Reverse translation : Publius Crassus Iunianus Legatus Pro Prætor”, (Publius Crassus Junianus légat propréteur).


Pour ce type, M. Crawford a relevé une estimation inférieure à 30 coins de droit et à 33 coins de revers. Ce denier est l’un des plus rares de la période des guerres civiles.

Historical background


(47-46 BC)

Scipio, who revealed the Catiline conspiracy to Cicero in 62 BC, had been consul with Pompey in 52 BC. He commanded the center at the battle of Pharsalus on June 6, 48 BC. C. Next he found refuge in Africa where the Scipio family had considerable latifundiae (agricultural holdings) with Pompey's eldest son. The headquarters of the Pompeians was located in Utica about thirty kilometers from the ruins of Carthage. Caesar landed in Africa and the final battle took place at Thapsus on February 6, 46 BC. Scipio and his ally, Juba I king of Mauretania, were defeated. In desperation to be able to escape, Scipio committed suicide as did Cato at Utica. Caesar created the province of Africa Nova and gave a new status to the territory of Carthage. He then returned to Rome where he celebrated a quadruple triumph.

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