Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Lisse.
Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Roue à quatre rayons (avec un besant sur le rayon central).
(Second - first century BC)
Salyens controlled the area of Marseille when the Phoenicians founded the city of Massalia in 600 J. C-. On the Celtic-Ligurian origin, divided into many semi-independent tribes, Salyens opposed the development of Marseille in the hinterland. From the second century before our era, Massaliotes requirent using their ally, Rome, to fight against the Salyens and defend. This application allowed the Romans for the first time to intervene in Transalpine Gaul in 154 before J. C-. Marseille to help defend their desks Antibes and Nice. Later, the Romans from 125 waged a war against fast Salyens to help prevent Celtic-Ligurian tribes of the Transalpine. They seized d'Entremont (Bouches-du-Rhône) in 124 before J. C-. and destroyed to rebuild three kilometers away, thus founding the colony of Aquae Sextiae (Aix-en-Provence). Today, it is believed that the site was finally abandoned during the invasion of the Cimbri and Teutons at the end of the first century BC. This invasion was perhaps the last opportunity for Salyens to revolt, on a date between 90 and 110 before J. C-. The ultimate Salyens revolt occurred during the proconsul Caesar in Gaul. Sources: Caesar (BC. I, 35, 4); Livy (HR. V, 34 and XXXV, 2) Strabo (G. IV, 178, 203), Ptolemy (G. II, 10, 8). Kruta Celts (22, 40, 187, 308, 338, 600-601, 806).