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fme_927557 - IV REPUBLIC Médaille, Ecole professionnelle de la boucherie

IV REPUBLIC Médaille, Ecole professionnelle de la boucherie XF
60.00 €(Approx. 65.40$ | 50.40£)
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Type : Médaille, Ecole professionnelle de la boucherie
Date: 1953
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 62,50 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Engraver MULLER Louis (1902-1957)
Weight : 109,49 g.
Edge : lisse + triangle BRONZE
Puncheon : Triangle BRONZE
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène avec des taches d’oxydation. Présence de traces d’usure, coups et rayures

Obverse


Obverse legend : SAINT- JACQVES - DE LA BOUVCHERIE.
Obverse description : Légende circulaire et Saint Jacques de face entouré par la tour de Saint Jacques et une peau d’animal. Signé : MULLER.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ECOLE PROFESSIONELLE DE LA BOUCHERIE DE PARIS ET DU DEPARTEMENT DE LA SEINE // MELLEVR. QVE. VIVRE. ENVNITE* À L’EXERGUE : BILLAULT JEAN MAJOR DE LA PROMOTION 1953.
Reverse description : Deux légende circulaire dont une dans un médaillon entouré de diverses outils de boucherie et une cartouche inscrite à l’exergue.

Commentary


Médaille conservée dans une boîte bleu abîmée, décernée à Jean Billault, major de sa promotion.

Historical background


IV REPUBLIC

(16/01/1947-8/01/1959)

Characterized by a parliamentary regime coupled with great ministerial instability, the Fourth Republic has the particularity of never having been officially proclaimed. Indeed, De Gaulle, when he arrived in Paris on August 25, 1944, refused to do so on the pretext that the Republic had never ceased to exist. Considering that the French State of Marshal Pétain was only a simple state of affairs, he considers that the Republic survived in free France and his birth certificate must then be June 18, 1940. However, his departure, the January 20, 1946, and the referendum of October 13, 1946 approving a new Constitution, mark the official beginning of this republic. It knows two presidents: Vincent Auriol (16/01/1947 - 23/12/1953) and René Coty (23/12/1953 - 8/1/1959). The open crisis caused by the revolt of the army of Algeria leads, in 1958, to its fall which is confirmed by the adoption of a new constitution on September 28, 1958. Nevertheless, it does not cease definitively until the 8 January 1959 when General de Gaulle was installed as President of the Fifth Republic.

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