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fme_559291 - IV REPUBLIC Médaille, Compagnie des messageries maritimes, Centenaire des services

IV REPUBLIC Médaille, Compagnie des messageries maritimes, Centenaire des services AU
75.00 €(Approx. 89.25$ | 64.50£)
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Type : Médaille, Compagnie des messageries maritimes, Centenaire des services
Date: 1951
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 60 mm
Engraver André Henri Lavrillier (1885-1958)
Weight : 117 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Patine hétérogène d’aspect foncé dans les champs et plus clairs sur les reliefs

Obverse


Obverse legend : .COMPAGNIE / DES MESSAGERIES / MARITIMES / 1851 - 1951 / CENTENAIRE / DES SERVICES.
Obverse description : Légende en 6 lignes au dessus et en dessous de la licorne sur une ancre tourelée, symbole de la Compagnie. Oiseau volant vers la droite à l’exergue. Signé : ANDRE LAVRILLIER.

Reverse


Reverse legend : MDCCCLI - MCMLI.
Reverse description : Vue sur la coque avant du paquebot. Ancien bateau au premier plan. Signé : ANDRE LAVRILLIER.

Commentary


Pour l’histoire de la compagnie, voir l’article Wikipedia http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messageries_maritimes .

Historical background


FOURTH REPUBLIC

(16/01/1947-8/01/1959)

Characterized by a parliamentary system coupled with a large ministerial instability, the Fourth Republic has the distinction of never having been officially proclaimed. Indeed, De Gaulle, on his arrival in Paris August 25, 1944, refused to do so on the pretext that the Republic had never ceased to exist. Whereas the French State Marshal Petain was a simple situation, he believes that the Republic has survived in France and free his birth must be 18 June 1940. However, his departure, January 20, 1946 and the referendum of 13 October 1946 approving a new constitution, marked the official beginning of the republic. She knows two presidents: Vincent Auriol (01.16.1947 - 23.12.1953) and René Coty (12/23/1953 - 01/08/1959). Open crisis caused by the revolt of the army leads Algeria, in 1958, his fall is confirmed by the adoption of a new constitution September 28, 1958. However, it completely ceases to be that January 8, 1959 during the installation of General de Gaulle as President of the Fifth Republic.

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