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Live auction - bga_423182 - PROVINCIA (PROVENCE) - FORUM IULII (FREJUS) Petit bronze à la proue et au capricorne

PROVINCIA (PROVENCE) - FORUM IULII (FREJUS) Petit bronze à la proue et au capricorne AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 2 000 €
Price : 900 €
Maximum bid : 1 160 €
End of the sale : 14 March 2017 15:06:49
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Petit bronze à la proue et au capricorne
Date: c. 27 AC
Mint name / Town : Fréjus, Var
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 14,5 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 2,98 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Bronze d’une rare qualité, avec une frappe vigoureuse, un centrage idéal et de très forts reliefs, mais une patine un peu poreuse avec une très légère concrétion de surface au niveau de la proue
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Proue à gauche, avec triple éperon et oeil ; grènetis.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Un capricorne à droite, appuyé sur un globe.

Commentary


Rare bronze d’une émission attestée par trois exemplaires en argent et plusieurs dizaines de bronzes (la plupart provenant des fouilles de Fréjus étant en très mauvais état de conservation).
Selon A. Deroc l’iconographie du droit avec la proue (mise en relation avec la victoire d’Actium) et le capricorne du revers (marque personnelle d’Auguste à partir de 29-28 avant J.-C.) permettent de proposer un monnayage frappé à l’occasion de la fondation de Forum Julii.
Cet exemplaire est probablement le plus bel exemplaire publié, avec de très forts reliefs sur un flan particulièrement épais.

Historical background


PROVINCIA (PROVENCE) - FORUM IVLII (FRÉJUS)

(First century BC)

Fréjus or Forum Iulii was founded in the first century before J. C-. This is an important step on the way Aurelian. It has, from the outset, an inland port, the pool, located in a marshy area, is connected to the sea by a canal. A bulwark protecting the agglomeration. This is probably going to Marseille he was besieged, that Julius Caesar founded in 49 before J. C-. The (the "Forum of Julius' literally) Iulii Forum. Tacitus tells us that the fleet of Antony and Cleopatra was sent to the port of Fréjus after their defeat by Octavian (later Emperor Augustus), off Actium in 31 J. C-. The port will lose its military role that the third century he shared with those of Misenum and Ravenna. Shortly after the victory of Actium, to 29-27 before J. C-. The city receives veterans of the Eighth Legion and received the title of colony and became an important market for small-scale agricultural production and. Under Augustus, the town changed its name to Forum Iulii Octavanorum colonia. All the major monuments of the city (amphitheater, aqueduct, lighthouse, baths, theater) are constructed in the Julio-Claudian. Gnaeus Julius Agricola (40-93), better known under the name of Agricola was born in Fréjus. Agricola completed the conquest of the island of Britain (the current UK). He is the stepfather of Tacitus, who wrote the story of his life. Forum Julii is briefly mentioned at the beginning, so appreciative, as an "ancient and illustrious colony".

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