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bga_832649 - PICTONES (Area of Poitiers) Quart de statère d’électrum à la main

PICTONES (Area of Poitiers) Quart de statère d’électrum à la main XF/AU
700.00 €(Approx. 756.00$ | 595.00£)
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Type : Quart de statère d’électrum à la main
Date: Ier siècle avant J.-C.
Mint name / Town : Poitiers (86)
Metal : electrum
Diameter : 12 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 1,57 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Joli monnaie sur un flan court et centré. Usure régulière, très fine. Belle tête au droit et revers agréable
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Monnaie provenant de la collection André Libaud

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête (d’Ogmius) à droite, le nez droit, la chevelure en grosses mèches, d’où partent des cordons perlés.

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Aurige tenant une couronne dirigeant à droite un cheval androcéphale casqué ; dessous, une main sur un joug.

Commentary


Ces quarts sont excessivement rares et manquent à tous les musées consultés ; 7 et 40 exemplaires sont pourtant répertoriés dans le Moneta sous les séries 73 et 76 qui doivent effectivement être fusionnées ! Ces chiffres doivent être pris avec beaucoup de modération, tout ce qui a une main sous un cheval semble y avoir été regroupé... cf. par exemple les drachmes n° 610 du musée de Lyon ou Zurich 179....

Historical background


PICTONES (Area of Poitiers)

(2nd - 1st century BC)

The Pictons were a people of the Celtic settled in the current Poitou to whom they gave their name. Their capital was Lemonum (origin: lemo or limo = elm), at the confluence of the Clain and the Boivre, on a fortified oppidum, today Poitiers. They were a people who had good sailors. Their name comes from the fact that they painted their faces, Pictavi, name given by Caesar. He enlisted five thousand Pictons as auxiliaries in 56 BC. -VS. , in order to build boats for his campaign against the Veneti. This fleet was also used for the Brittany expedition in 55 BC.. -VS. In 52 BC. -VS. , they provided eight thousand men to the relief army to go and deliver Alesia, besieged by Caesar. Among the Picton chiefs mentioned several times, we find Atectorix and Duratios. Atectorix seems to have been a Gallic chief or notable who was to create an "ala I Gallorum Atectorigiana" at the end of Caesar's stay in Gaul (50 BC).. -VS. ) or just after leaving for Italy. The troop thus created constituted a unit of auxiliaries, soldiers who served in the Roman armies but were not integrated into the legions.. As for Duratios, a Gallic chief, he was one of the kings of the Pictons. Faithful ally of the Romans, he was besieged in 51 BC. -VS. by Dumnacus, Chief of the Andes, in Lemonum (Poitiers). He was delivered by Caius Fabius. Later, Caesar gave him the right of Roman citizenship. It is mentioned by Hirtius. Caesar (BG. III, 11; VII, 4 and 75; VIII, 26 and 27). Strabo (G. IV, 2, 1). Kruta: 68, 365-366.

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