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Live auction - bry_911087 - PHILIP VI OF VALOIS Lion d’or n.d.

PHILIP VI OF VALOIS Lion d’or n.d.  AU
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2024/06/04 14:00:00
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Type : Lion d’or
Date: 31/10/1338
Date: n.d. 
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 1000 ‰
Diameter : 28,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 4,79 g.
Coments on the condition:
Ce lion d’or est frappé sur un flan large et légèrement irrégulier. Le droit est bien venu à la frappe. De petites faiblesses de frappe à 1 et 11 heures dans la légende du revers
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Écu d’or provenant de la vente Besch de Cannes d’avril 2012 (ancienne collection Poncet) Avec son certificat d’exportation n° 240519 délivré par le Ministère français de la Culture


Obverse description : Philippe VI couronné assis dans une stalle gothique, avec baldaquin, tenant un sceptre long de sa main droite, un court de sa main gauche, les pieds posés sur un lion à gauche.
Obverse translation : (Philippe, roi des Francs par la grâce de Dieu).


Reverse description : Croix quadrilobée et fleuronnée, dans un quadrilobe orné de feuilles et cantonné de quatre trèfles sans queue.
Reverse translation : (Le Christ vainc, le Christ règne, le Christ commande).


Le lion d’or ne connut qu’une seule émission. Cette monnaie est appellée dans les textes “Leones auri, “denarius “(ou “florenus”) “ad Leonem” et enfin “Lyon d’or”. Il s’agit de l’une des monnaies les plus rares du monnayage de Philippe VI après le florin george et la couronne d’or.

Historical background



Born in 1293, aged 35 on his accession to the throne in May 1328, Philippe was the son of Margaret of Sicily and Charles of Valois, who could be said to have been son, brother, uncle, son-in-law of king and never king himself. Other claims, however, arose to the crown of France: those of the house of Navarre, heir to the rights of Joan, daughter of Louis X, those of Edward III, heir to the rights of his mother, Isabelle of France, daughter by Philip the Fair. Edward III paid homage to Philip VI at Amiens in June 1329. However, in the following years, the incidents multiplied. Edward's war against the King of Scotland David Bruce kept the Englishman away from Guyenne for some time and Philippe, in 1336, went down to Avignon. Its fleet was preparing to operate in the Mediterranean. The following year, the situation reversed: the fleet went to the North Sea. War seemed near. On All Saints Day 1337, the Bishop of Lincoln, Henry Burgersh, came to Paris: he announced the rupture of the homage paid to Amiens, the questioning of the succession of France and the declaration of war. The Netherlands sided with England, the Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia, John the Blind, sided with France, Alphonse XI also. In January 1338, Flanders rose against Louis de Nevers and Jan van Artevelde, captain of Ghent, took over the government of the county. The following year, the Count of Flanders took refuge in Paris. The Flemings recognized Edward as king. Edward III then assumed the title of King of France and took up arms halfway between France and England.. On June 24, 1340, the French and English fleets met off the coast of Bruges, near the outer port of L'Écluse. The total defeat of the French gave Edward mastery of the sea. A truce was concluded at Espléchin the following September. The war resumed in 1345. A landing of Edouard in Flanders was short-lived. In 1346, Jean, son of Philippe, Duke of Normandy, attacked Guyenne and laid siege to Aiguillon. However, in July 1346, Edward landed in Cotentin and ravaged Normandy. Philippe set off in pursuit: the two armies clashed at Crécy on August 26, 1346. New and complete victory of the English, however inferior in number. Philippe flees; many of his great vassals fell on the battlefield. In 1347, Edward took Calais and established a garrison there. At the same time, a complex war of succession was devastating Brittany, where the English side had long had the upper hand.. The only success of the reign: the acquisition of Dauphiné de Viennois, ceded to the eldest son of the Duke of Normandy by Humbert II in 1349. When he died in 1350, Philip left a kingdom and a dynasty equally shaken.

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