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Live auction - bry_356362 - PHILIP VI OF VALOIS Ange d'or 26/06/1342

PHILIP VI OF VALOIS Ange d or 26/06/1342  AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 11 000 €
Price : 6 000 €
Maximum bid : 6 000 €
End of the sale : 29 September 2015 15:54:56
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Ange d'or
Date: 26/06/1342
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 1000 ‰
Diameter : 33 mm
Orientation dies : 5 h.
Weight : 5,81 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Cet ange est frappé sur un flan large, légèrement voilé et irrégulier
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : XPHILIPPVSX D'X - GRA'X FRAX REXX, (PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Obverse description : L'archange saint Michel debout sous un baldaquin que termine un polylobe coupé en bas, couronné, les ailes déployées, tenant de la main droite une croix à longue hampe fichée dans un dragon gisant sous ses pieds et l'écu de France de la main gauche.
Obverse translation : (Philippe, par la grâce de Dieu, roi des Francs).

Reverse


Reverse legend : + XP'CX VINCITX XP'CX REGNATX XP'CX IMPERAT, (N RÉTROGRADES, PONCTUATION PAR DEUX SAUTOIRS SUPERPOSÉS).
Reverse description : Croix quadrilobée, feuillue et fleuronnée, dans un quadrilobe fleurdelisé accosté de quatre couronnes.
Reverse translation : (Le Christ vainc, le Christ règne, le Christ commande).

Commentary


La lutte engagée contre l'Angleterre à partir de 1337 n'est pas étrangère au choix de l'archange Saint-Michel terrassant le dragon. Il transperce de sa croix l'animal qui incarne le mal. Le royaume traverse une grave crise économique à partir de 1337. L'ange est certainement le chef-d'œuvre incontesté de l'art monétaire gothique français. Dans les textes, il prend le nom de "denarius ou florenus an Angelem", "Angelus". L'ange a été frappé au cours de trois émissions successives entre 1341 et 1342. Si le titre reste inchangé, 24 carats, le poids s'abaisse passant de 7,271 g à 5,827 g et la valeur de l'ange augmente de 75 à 85 sous tournois.

Historical background


PHILIPPE VI Valois

(01/04/1328-22/08/1350)

Born in 1293, aged 35 at his accession to the throne in May 1328, Philip was the son of Marguerite of Sicily and Charles of Valois, which we could say that he was son, brother, uncle, son- king and the king himself never. Other claims, however, rose to the crown of France, those of the house of Navarre, heir rights Jeanne, daughter of Louis X, those of Edward III, heir to the rights of his mother, Isabella of France, daughter Philip the Fair. Edward III swore homage to Philip VI at Amiens in June 1329. However, in subsequent years, the incidents multiplied. Edward's war against the King of Scotland David Bruce held some time away from the English and Philippe Guyenne, in 1336, went to Avignon. His fleet was preparing to operate in the Mediterranean. The following year turnaround: the fleet passed in the North Sea. The war seemed close. In 1337 Toussaint, the Bishop of Lincoln, Henry Burgersh, came to Paris: he announced out of the tribute paid to Amiens, the questioning of the estate of France and the declaration of war. The Netherlands sided with England, Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia, John the Blind, sided with France, Alfonso XI also. In January 1338, Flanders rebelled against Louis de Nevers and Jan van Artevelde, captain of Ghent, took the county government. The following year, the Count of Flanders took refuge in Paris. Flemings recognized Edward king. Edward III then took the title of king of France and took up arms half out of France and England. 24 June 1340, the French and English fleets met off the coast of Bruges, near the outer harbor of Sluys. The total defeat of the French gave Edward the command of the sea. A truce was concluded in Esplechin following September. The war resumed in 1345. An Island landing in Flanders was no tomorrow. In 1346, John, son of Philip, Duke of Normandy, attacked the Guyenne and besieged Aiguillon. However, in July 1346, Edward landed in Normandy Cotentin and ravaged. Philippe off in pursuit, the two armies fought at Crecy, 26 August 1346. New and complete British victory, though outnumbered. Philippe fled, many of his vassals fell on the battlefield. In 1347, Edward took Calais and established a garrison. At the same time, a complex succession war devastated Britain, where the English party had long top. Only successful reign: the acquisition of Dauphiné Viennois, assigned to the eldest son of the Duke of Normandy in 1349 by Humbert II. At his death in 1350, Philip left a kingdom and a dynasty also shaken.

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