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bpv_744463 - PHILIPPUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien

PHILIPPUS Tétradrachme syro-phénicien AU
125.00 €(Approx. 135.00$ | 107.50£)
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Type : Tétradrachme syro-phénicien
Date: 244
Mint name / Town : Antioche, Syrie, Séleucie et Piérie
Metal : billon
Diameter : 26 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 11,02 g.
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale bien centré à l’usure superficielle. Patine gris métallique, légèrement tachée
Catalogue references :


Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Philippe Ier à droite, ptéryges visibles, vu de trois quarts en arrière.
Obverse legend : AUTOK K M IOUL FILIPPOS SEB, (Autokratoros Kaisaros Markos Ioulios Filippos Sebastos).
Obverse translation : (L’empereur césar Marc Jules Philippe auguste).


Reverse legend : S|C À L’EXERGUE.
Reverse description : Aigle debout à droite, les ailes déployées, tête et queue à gauche, tenant une couronne feuillée dans son bec, posé sur une palme tige à droite.
Reverse legend : DHMARC - EX OUSIAS, (Dhmarcikhs Ex Ousias).
Reverse translation : (Revêtu de la puissance tribunitienne / avec l’accord du Sénat).


Dans la base TSP maintenue par Michel Prieur, cinquante-cinq exemplaires sont maintenant répertoriés pour ce type dont en musées British Museum, ANS (3)Jérusalem et Berlin. Cet exemplaire est illustré dans l’ouvrage de M&K Prieur, p. 54.

Historical background



Philippe was born in Bostra in Trachonitis, a province of Arabia, hence the nickname of the Emperor. He was appointed Prefect of the Praetorium after the disappearance of Timésithée, father-in-law of Gordian III, in 243. Philip had Gordian assassinated or allowed to be assassinated at the beginning of 244, then hastened to conclude an infamous peace with the Sassanids. He pays them a tribute of 500,000 denarii. He named his son Philip Caesar in 244 and his wife Otacilia Sévéra augusta. In 247, Philip raises his son to august. He led a brilliant campaign against the Quades and the Carpes who had invaded Dacia. The great event of the reign of Philip is the commemoration of the millennium of Rome which begins on April 21, 247. Several usurpers, including Jotapien and Pacatian, proclaim themselves august at the end of the reign. Philippe instructs Decius, commander of the legions of Pannonia, to restore order on the Danube. The troops, against his will, proclaim Decius august in June or July 249. Philip dies fighting the troops of Decius in September 249.

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