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brm_338765 - PHILIPPUS Sesterce

PHILIPPUS Sesterce XF/VF
150.00 €(Approx. 166.50$ | 133.50£)
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Type : Sesterce
Date: 244
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : copper
Diameter : 30,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 18,71 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et bien centré, légèrement fendu à 10 heures au revers. Beau portrait particulier de Philippe Ier. Frappe u peu molle au revers. Patine marron foncé
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection Arts Coins Roma du 8 décembre 2011, n° 175 et de la collection du professeur M. Caselli

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré, drapé et cuirassé de Philippe Ier à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A*2).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus", (L’empereur Marc Jules Philippe auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : L-AET FVNDAT-A/ S|C.
Reverse description : Laetitia (la Joie) debout de face, regardant à gauche, tenant une couronne de la main droite et un gouvernail de la gauche ; le pied droit posé sur une proue de navire.
Reverse translation : "Lætitia Fundata" (La Joie retrouvée).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3. Ptéryges invisibles sous le paludamentum. Portrait primitif de Philippe faisant penser à Gordien III.

Historical background


PHILIPPE I ARABIC

(03/244-09/249) Marcus Julius Philippus

Philippe was born in Bostra Trachonitis, province of Arabia, hence the nickname of the emperor. He was appointed Prefect of the Praetorium after the disappearance of Timésithée, the stepfather of Gordian III in 243. Philippe is murder or leaves early Gordian 244 then hastens to conclude an ignominious peace with the Sassanids. He pays them a tribute of 500,000 dollars. He appoints his son Philip Caesar in 244 and his wife Severa Otacilia augusta. In 247, his son Philippe student to Augustat. He led a brilliant campaign against the Quadi and carp that had invaded Dacia. The big event of the reign of Philip is the commemoration of the millennium of Rome which begins April 21 247. Several usurpers, including Jotapien and Pacatien, proclaim august at the end of the reign. Philippe load Decius, commander of the legions of Pannonia, to restore order on the Danube. Troops, against his will, proclaim august Decius in June or July 249. Philippe is killed fighting the troops of Decius in September 249.

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