Obverse legend : IMP IVL PHILIPPVS PIVS FEL AVG// P M.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Philippe Ier à droite, vu de trois quarts en arrière (A2).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Iulius Philippus Pius Felix Augustus Parthicus Maximus”, (L’empereur Jules Philippe, pieux heureux auguste, grand parthique).
Reverse legend : VIRTVS E-XERCITVS.
Reverse description : Virtus (la Virilité) casqué debout de face, regardant à droite, tenant une haste renversée de la main droite et s’appuyant de la gauche sur un bouclier ; le pied gauche légèrement levé.
Reverse translation : “Virtus Exercitus”, (La Fidélité de l’armée).
PHILIPPE I ARABIC
(03/244-09/249) Marcus Julius Philippus
Philippe was born in Bostra Trachonitis, province of Arabia, hence the nickname of the emperor. He was appointed Prefect of the Praetorium after the disappearance of Timésithée, the stepfather of Gordian III in 243. Philippe is murder or leaves early Gordian 244 then hastens to conclude an ignominious peace with the Sassanids. He pays them a tribute of 500,000 dollars. He appoints his son Philip Caesar in 244 and his wife Severa Otacilia augusta. In 247, his son Philippe student to Augustat. He led a brilliant campaign against the Quadi and carp that had invaded Dacia. The big event of the reign of Philip is the commemoration of the millennium of Rome which begins April 21 247. Several usurpers, including Jotapien and Pacatien, proclaim august at the end of the reign. Philippe load Decius, commander of the legions of Pannonia, to restore order on the Danube. Troops, against his will, proclaim august Decius in June or July 249. Philippe is killed fighting the troops of Decius in September 249.