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E-auction 390-302377 - PHOENICIA - TYRE Unité

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Estimate : 100 €
Price : 46 €
Maximum bid : 53 €
End of the sale : 05 October 2020 14:57:30
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Unité
Date: an 309
Mint name / Town : Tyr, Phénicie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 24,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 11,15 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale bien centré à l’usure importante, lisible et identifiable. Patine marron
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste lauré de Melqart-Héraklès (Hercule) à droite, la léonté nouée sous le cou ; grènetis circulaire.


Reverse description : Massue terminée par le monogramme de Tyr ; date dans le champ ; le tout dans une couronne de chêne.
Reverse legend : MHTROPOLEOS/ (TUR)/ QT.
Reverse translation : (de la ville de Tyr/ an 309).


Ce bronze a été frappé en 183-184. C’est la dernière année de frappe pour ce type.

Historical background


(First - third century AD

Tyre, according to tradition seems to have been founded by colonists from Sidon, his great rival. Tyrian settlers founded Carthage in 814 BC Tyre was one of the main ports of Phoenicia and one of the largest in the Eastern Mediterranean trade places. Tyre refused to submit to Alexander the Great in 332 BC The siege lasted seven months from January to August in very difficult conditions. Alexander showed ruthless and massacred or enslaved the population. Tyr did not disappear, was rebuilt. After Alexander's death, she often changed master Perdiccas in 321 AC, Ptolemy the following year, then it was the turn of Antigonus in 314 before falling into the hands of Ptolemy two years later.. In 294 BC, Tyre entered the orbit Seleucid. After 274 BC, a new era seems to start to Tyre. The city will be independent after 126 BC and experience a new political and economic development without forgetting that money will continue under Roman rule.

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