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Live auction - bgr_457639 - PHOENICIA - TYRE Tétradrachme ou shekel

PHOENICIA - TYRE Tétradrachme ou shekel MS
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 2 000 €
Price : 1 650 €
Maximum bid : 2 400 €
End of the sale : 12 December 2017 14:25:09
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Tétradrachme ou shekel
Date: an 11
Mint name / Town : Tyr, Phénicie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 27 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 14,36 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale, bien centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis complets. Très belle tête de Melqart de haut relief avec la chevelure finement détaillée. Revers de haut relief. Magnifique patine de collection avec des reflets mordorés. Conserve l’intégralité de son brillant de frappe et de son coupant d’origine
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de LIVE AUCTION 1002, n° 13 (vendu 2720€ + frais) et de la collection du Docteur Frédéric Nordmann


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête de Melqart laurée à droite.


Reverse description : Aigle debout à gauche, les serres sur une proue de navire, une palme sur l’aile ; dans le champ à gauche, une massue.
Reverse legend : TUROU IERAS - KAI ASULOU/ AI - M.
Reverse translation : (Tyr sainte et asile “sacrée”).


Cet exemplaire semble beaucoup plus rare que ne le laissent supposer les ouvrages généraux.

Historical background


(Second - first century BC)

Tyre, according to tradition seems to have been founded by colonists from Sidon, his great rival. Tyrian settlers founded Carthage in 814 BC Tyre was one of the main ports of Phoenicia and one of the largest in the Eastern Mediterranean trade places. Tyre refused to submit to Alexander the Great in 332 BC The siege lasted seven months from January to August in very difficult conditions. Alexander showed ruthless and massacred or enslaved the population. Tyr disappeared and was not rebuilt. After Alexander's death, she often changed master Perdiccas in 321 AC, Ptolemy the following year, then it was the turn of Antigonus in 314 before falling into the hands of Ptolemy two years later.. In 294 BC, Tyre entered the orbit Seleucid. After 274 BC, a new era seems to start to Tyre. The city will be independent after 126 BC and experience a new political, economic and monetary growth which will continue under Roman rule.

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