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Live auction - bgr_457636 - PHOENICIA - TYRE Tétradrachme ou shekel

PHOENICIA - TYRE Tétradrachme ou shekel MS
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 950 €
Price : 880 €
Maximum bid : 1 200 €
End of the sale : 12 December 2017 14:25:39
bidders : 4 bidders
Type : Tétradrachme ou shekel
Date: an 71
Mint name / Town : Tyr, Phénicie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 28,5 mm
Orientation dies : 1 h.
Weight : 13,90 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire de qualité exceptionnelle pour ce type de monnayage sur un flan large et ovale, parfaitement centré des deux côtés. Portrait de Melqart de toute beauté, joufflu au cou très large, de style hellénistique. Revers fantastique où tous les détails du plumage de l’aigle sont visibles. Magnifique patine de collection ancienne avec des reflets dorés. Conserve la plus grande partie de son brillant de frappe et de son coupant d’origine
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire a été acquis en 1991, provient de MONNAIES 1003, n° 62 de la collection du Docteur Frédéric Nordmann

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste imberbe de Melqart (Héraklès) lauré à droite, la léonté nouée sous le cou ; grènetis circulaire perlé.

Reverse


Reverse description : Aigle debout à gauche, les serres sur une proue de navire, une palme sur l’aile ; dans le champ à gauche, une massue ; dans le champ à droite, un monogramme ; grènetis circulaire perlé.
Reverse legend : TUROU IERIAS - KAI ASULOU/ AO/ (IoL)/ 9.
Reverse translation : (Tyr sainte et asile “sacré”).

Commentary


Sur cet exemplaire comme sur celui du British Museum, la date est inversée avec AO au lieu de OA, en temps normal. Sur notre exemplaire, nous avons un différent qui ne se rencontre qu’à partir de l’an 73.

Historical background


PHOENICIA - TYR

(Second - first century BC)

Tyre, according to tradition seems to have been founded by colonists from Sidon, his great rival. Tyrian settlers founded Carthage in 814 BC Tyre was one of the main ports of Phoenicia and one of the largest in the Eastern Mediterranean trade places. Tyre refused to submit to Alexander the Great in 332 BC The siege lasted seven months from January to August in very difficult conditions. Alexander showed ruthless and massacred or enslaved the population. Tyr disappeared and was not rebuilt. After Alexander's death, she often changed master Perdiccas in 321 AC, Ptolemy the following year, then it was the turn of Antigonus in 314 before falling into the hands of Ptolemy two years later.. In 294 BC, Tyre entered the orbit Seleucid. After 274 BC, a new era seems to start to Tyre. The city will be independent after 126 BC and experience a new political, economic and monetary growth which will continue under Roman rule.

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