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bgr_300913 - PHOENICIA - SIDON Tetrachalque

PHOENICIA - SIDON Tetrachalque AU
225.00 €(Approx. 249.75$ | 193.50£)
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Type : Tetrachalque
Date: an 169
Mint name / Town : Sidon, Phénicie
Metal : copper
Diameter : 19,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 6,45 g.
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et épais. Portrait de haut relief. Joli revers. Patine marron superficielle
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de MONNAIES 31, n° 175

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête imberbe de Dionysos à gauche avec une couronne de vigne.

Reverse


Reverse description : Ciste mystique dans une couronne dionysiaque.
Reverse legend : QXR/ SIDWNOS/ QEAS.
Reverse translation : (Sidon la sainte, an 169).

Commentary


Ce type semble beaucoup plus rare que ne le laissent supposer les ouvrages généraux. Le type avec Dionysos sont moins nombreux.

Historical background


PHOENICIA - SIDON

(Second - first century BC)

Tyre with Sidon was one of the main ports of the Phoenician coast, essentially a military port. Sidon was one of the oldest Phoenician cities. The city was famous for the commercial exploitation of the purple (Murex). His coinage appears to have started in the second half of the fifth century BC and lasted until the Macedonian conquest in 332 BC The city submitted to the conqueror without a fight to the opposite of its neighbor, Tyr who resisted for seven months. The new coinage of Sidon began in 112-111 BC Pompey maintained the status of a free city, then confirmed by Marc Anthony. The autonomous coinage ceased in 30/29 BC Under the Empire, the city remained an important port.

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