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Live auction - bgr_469238 - PERSIA - ACHAEMENID KINGDOM - ARTAXERXES II MNEMON Sicle

PERSIA - ACHAEMENID KINGDOM - ARTAXERXES II MNEMON Sicle AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2018/03/06 14:00:00
bgr_469238
1022
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Type : Sicle
Date: c. 400-350 AC.
Mint name / Town : Sardes, Lydie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 15,5 mm
Weight : 5,40 g.
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale bien centré des deux côtés, particulièrement bien venu pour ce type. Archer de haut relief. Patine de collection ancienne
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection P. R. B

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Le Grand Roi barbu, en archer mélophore, à demi-agenouillé à droite, coiffé de la cidaris, vêtu de la candys tirant à l’arc ; le carquois rempli de flèches suspendu à son épaule est bien visible et tenant un poignard de la main droite.

Reverse


Reverse description : Carré creux allongé, présentant des aspérités irrégulières.

Commentary


Ce type bien particulier était attribué par Babelon à Artaxerxès II Mnémon. Sur cet exemplaire, le roi est barbu. Type 4.

Historical background


PERSIA - UNITED Achaemenid - Artaxerxes II Mnemon

(405-359 BC

Mnemon Artaxerxes II (which in memory) has the longest reign of Achaemenid history. He succeeded his father Darius II in 405 and must be the fight against his half-brother, Cyrus the Younger, who was finally removed after the retirement of "ten thousand" immortalized by Xenophon. His reign marks the beginning of the long decline of the Persian empire with the loss of Egypt. However, the great King plays the role of referee between Athens and Sparta and recovered the cities of Asia Minor after the peace of Antalcidas in 386 BC Artaxerxes see the last twenty years of his reign marred by sordid family histories and widespread revolt satraps of Asia Minor who get the autonomy of their territories as Mausolus and his successors in Caria, Datamès, Tiribazus Mazaios and Cilicia. Artaxerxes died in 359 BC, leaving an open succession and an empire in crisis.

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