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Live auction - bgr_643852 - PARTHIA - PARTHIAN KINGDOM - PHRAATES IV Tétradrachme

PARTHIA - PARTHIAN KINGDOM - PHRAATES IV Tétradrachme AU/AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Starting price : 150 €
Estimate : 300 €
Price : 155 €
Maximum bid : 200 €
End of the sale : 26 January 2021 14:34:51
bidders : 2 bidders
Type : Tétradrachme
Date: an 287 (novembre 26 avant J.-C.)
Mint name / Town : Séleucie du Tigre
Metal : billon
Diameter : 25,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 12,60 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Flan centré avec un petit manque à 12. Superbe revers, bien venu à la frappe. Joli buste. Patine gris foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste de Phraates IV à gauche, tête nue avec un bandeau triple, sans nœud qui tombe derrière la tête, la chevelure crantée couvrant l’oreille, la barbe courte et pointue.

Reverse


Reverse description : Phraates IV assis à gauche sur un trône à dossier tourné à droite, recevant une palme de Tyché debout à gauche dans le champ à droite, drapée, tenant une corne d’abondance.
Reverse legend : BASILEWS/ BASILEWN/ ARSAKOU// EUERGETOU/ DIKAIOU// EPIFANOUS/ FILLENHNOS// ZPS APEL.
Reverse translation : (Roi des rois Arsace, bienfaiteur, juste, glorieux, philhellène).

Historical background


Parthia - UNITED PARTHIAN - Phraates IV

(38-2 BC)

Phraates IV is a son of Orodes II (57-38 BC), the winner of Carrhae in 53 BC and brother Pakoros I, killed fighting the Romans in 39 BC At the beginning of his reign, he had to first fight against Mark Antony, who had invaded Armenia with sixteen legions (100,000 men). The triumvirate made the mistake of leaving his rear (luggage and war machines) with only two legions. Phraates exterminated which forced Antony to retreat, losing a third of its workforce. Tiridates, Parthian general, revolted in 29 BC and forced the king of kings to seek refuge with Saka who helped to recover the throne of his fathers. Tiridates, by fleeing, seized the son of the Arsacid and found refuge with the Romans. Augustus gave the child to his father and settled Tiridates to Rome. But it fomented further unrest in Mesopotamia and after some success was finally eliminated. Relations with Augustus were better and 20 BC, he returned the signs and prisoners taken from Crassus in 53 BC Phraates IV, like his father and grandfather, was assassinated in instigation of his son Musa and Phraatakès young Italian slave Augustus had offered.

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