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Live auction - bgr_463345 - PARTHIA - PARTHIAN KINGDOM - ORODES II Drachme

PARTHIA - PARTHIAN KINGDOM - ORODES II Drachme AU/AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2018/01/30 14:00:00
bgr_463345
1021
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Type : Drachme
Date: c. 58-37
Mint name / Town : Rhagae, Médie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 18,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 4,04 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan ovale avec le grènetis visible au droit, bien centré au droit, un peu court sur la légende au revers. Belle tête du roi. Revers de style fin. Belle patine de collection ancienne avec des reflets mordorés
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste d’Orodes II à gauche, tête nue avec un bandeau, sans nœud qui tombe derrière la tête, la chevelure crantée couvrant l’oreille, la barbe courte ; le buste est accosté d’un astre à gauche et d’un croissant de lune derrière la tête surmontant un astre ; une verrue sur le front.

Reverse


Reverse description : Archer assis à droite sur un trône, tenant un arc de la main droite ; sous l’arc, un monogramme ; derrière l’archer, une ancre stylisée.
Reverse legend : BASILEWS/ BASILEWN/ ARSAKOU/ EUERGETOU/ DIKAIOU/ EPIFANOUS// FILELLHNOS/ (PRG).
Reverse translation : (Roi des rois Arsace, évergète, juste, glorieux, philhellène).

Commentary


Au droit, symbole luni-solaire. Verrue sur le front. Torque aux extrémités enroulées, terminé par un hippocampe. Le symbole, placé derrière l’archer, est décrit par D. Sellwood comme une ancre. L’exemplaire de MONNAIES 41, n° 305, s’est vendu 305€ sur un maximum à 325€ avec huit offres.

Historical background


Parthia - UNITED PARTHIAN - Orodes II

(58-37 BC)

To take power, Orodes II was murdered before his eyes his brother Mithridates III. When Crassus at the head of seven legions crossed the Euphrates without a declaration of war and occupied part of Mesopotamia, Orodes Surena II sent against him. He surrounded the Roman army at Carrhae that retailers lost legions, had 20,000 deaths (including Crassus and his son) and 10,000 prisoners deported in Margiana. The disaster of Carrhae was similar to that of Cannes impact (against Hannibal). He stopped for a time the progress of Rome in the East and the Arsacid empire, without seeking any territorial gain, for two centuries assured its western border on the Euphrates. Surena became a national hero, but also a threat to Orodes who executed him. Depression made by the death of his eldest son Pacorus (killed while he was fighting in Syria) Orodes chooses as his successor the son of a mere concubine, Phraates IV, among the thirty son had left. He made the wrong choice: to prevent any challenge, Phraates IV hastened to murder his father (strangled with his own hands), his brothers and his eldest son!.

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