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Live auction - brm_430276 - NUMONIA Denier

NUMONIA Denier XF
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Estimate : 3 500 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 13 June 2017 14:40:48
Type : Denier
Date: c. 43 ou 41 AC.
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 950 ‰
Diameter : 21 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 4,00 g.
Rarity : R3
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et ovale, complet des deux cotés avec les grènetis visibles. Très belle tête (de César) au droit. Revers énigmatique avec un plat au centre. Patine grise avec des reflets dorés
Predigree :
Exemplaire provenant de la collection Robert Couet

Obverse


Obverse legend : C. NVMONIVS - VAALA.
Obverse description : Tête nue masculine à droite ; grènetis circulaire.
Obverse translation : “Caius Numonius Vaala”, (Caius Numonius Vaala).

Reverse


Reverse legend : VAALA À L’EXERGUE.
Reverse description : Un soldat vêtu militairement, brandissant un bouclier rond avec umbo de la main gauche, et tenant une lance de la main droite montant à l’assaut d’un vallum défendu par deux soldats.

Commentary


Pour ce type, M. Crawford a recensé moins de trente coins de droit et de moins de trente-trois coins de revers. Ce type semble infiniment plus rare que ne le laissent supposer les ouvrages généraux. Au droit, la tête est présentée parfois comme celle de C. Numonius Vaala ou celle de Jules César. La tête nous fait penser au buste trouvé dans les fouilles aquatiques du Rhône et présenté au Musée Antique d’Arles.

Historical background


Numonia

(43 BC) Caius Numonius Vaala

In 43 BC, Gaius Pansa and Aulus Hirtius Vibius are consuls on January 1, but they will be killed fighting against Antony and trying to free Decimus Postumius Albinus locked in Mutina. Decimus is then murdered on the orders of Antony in Gaul. Octavian, Caesar's nephew becomes consul suffect twenty years in August. The second triumvirate is formed between Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian in November. Proscriptions are enacted, the first victim was Cicero. A member of the Petillia people (Petillius Capitolinus), which should not be identified with the monetary triumvir, was accused of stealing the golden crown of the statue of Capitoline Jupiter. He was tried and acquitted because he was a friend of Octavian as reported by Horace (Sat. I, 4. 24).

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