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E-auction 363-276001 - NEMAUSUS - NÎMES Bronze NEM COL (semis)

NEMAUSUS - NÎMES Bronze NEM COL (semis) VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 60 €
Price : 25 €
Maximum bid : 35 €
End of the sale : 30 March 2020 14:15:30
bidders : 8 bidders
Type : Bronze NEM COL (semis)
Date: c. 40 AC.
Mint name / Town : Nîmes (30)
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 16,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,08 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire à l’usure régulière. Flan ovale. Patine foncée
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Buste casqué et drapé à droite ; derrière, une esse.

Reverse


Reverse legend : NEM CO[L] VERTICALEMENT.
Reverse description : Salus (la Santé), Hygeia ou Valetudo debout à gauche, appuyé du coté gauche sur une colonne et tenant de la main droite une patère, nourrissant un serpent.

Commentary


Une homotypie de contiguïté incontestable existe entre ce bronze et le bronze au démos des Volques Arécomiques.
Au revers de ce bronze, la légende NEM COL est presque complète.
Le revers de notre semis avec la marque S au droit, qui est censé représenter le démos de Colonia Nemausus, est certainement emprunté au monnayage de Manlius Acilius Glabrio frappé en 49 avant J.-C. (RRC. 442/1 = RCV. 412). Le droit quant à lui est peut-être emprunté à Titus Carisius, monétaire en 46 avant J.-C. ( RRC. 464/3 = RCV. 448). Ce bronze ainsi que le quadrans (avec un Q) et l’obole forment un système monétaire cohérent qui n’est pas sans analogie avec ceux de Cavaillon et d’Antibes. Les références à Salus et au vase renversé se rapportent peut-être à la Fontaine de Nîmes. Pour Simone Scheers, c’est Jules César qui aurait donné le “Jus Latinum” à Nîmes entre 49 et 44 avant J.-C. Pour ce type, les auteurs du Roman Provincial Coinage ont répertorié 27 exemplaires.

Historical background


Némausus - NIMES

(Second - first century BC)

Nemausus (Nîmes) was the capital of Volques Arécomiques. According to the mint, it suffers greatly influence Marseille. During the first century BCE to counterbalance the influence of Narbonne, she supported the revolt of Sertorius in Spain against Metellus and Pompey? Colony Nimes seems to have been founded by Tiberius Nero, Livia's husband and the father of Tiberius and Drusus Senior, 45 or 44 before J. C-. Some authors see rather a creation of Caesar himself back from the Spanish campaign. The city received the "juice latinum". After the battle of Actium in 31 J. C-. , Marking the victory of Octavian and Agrippa on the fleet of Marc Antony and Cleopatra and the conquest of Egypt the following year, Octave demobilization part of his legions become too numerous after victory. Veterans received their "honesta missio", a sort of retirement in cash and land. Many veterans came to settle in the province of Narbonne and a large contingent settled in Nîmes. The mint seems very important to start from 27 before J. C-. shows the commercial dynamism of the city which became one of the richest in the region and gave us impressive monuments (the Pont du Gard, the Maison Carree). The city changed status before 24 J. C-. And became a Roman colony under the name of "Colonia Augusta Nemausus" and dominating the territory Volques Arécomiques.

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