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brm_223772 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Pseudo ou néo-aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Pseudo ou néo-aurelianus AU
35.00 €(Approx. 38.50$ | 29.75£)
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Type : Pseudo ou néo-aurelianus
Date: 295-299
Mint name / Town : Cyzicus
Metal : copper
Diameter : 21 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 2,86 g.
Officine: 5e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan bien centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis visibles. Très beau portrait inhabituel. Joli revers de style fin, mais un peu bouché. Belle patine vert noir
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite avec pan de paludamentum, vu de trois quarts en avant (B01).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Marcus Aurelius Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Marc Aurèle Maximien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : CONCORDIA MI-LITVM/ KE.
Reverse description : L’empereur et Jupiter debout face à face ; Maximien Hercule est à gauche, tenant un sceptre court de la main gauche et recevant un globe nicéphore de Jupiter, nu debout à droite, tenant un sceptre de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Concordia Militum”, (La Concorde des soldats).

Commentary


Poids léger. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Cuirasse lisse. Épaulière cloutée. Ptéryges fines. Buste inhabituel, cuirassé seulement.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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