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brm_613876 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Follis ou nummus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Follis ou nummus AU
150.00 €(Approx. 160.50$ | 126.00£)
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Type : Follis ou nummus
Date: c. 296-303
Mint name / Town : Londres
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 28,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 10,73 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Flan large, épais, centré des deux côtés. Joli buste ainsi qu’un agréable revers. Patine gris foncé
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste lauré et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (B).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Caesar Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Maximien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : GENIO POPV-LI ROMANI.
Reverse description : Genius (le Génie) debout à gauche, le manteau sur l'épaule gauche, tenant une patère de la main droite et une corne d'abondance de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Genio Populi Romani”, (Le Génie du peuple romain).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées.

Historical background


MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS

(10/12/285-02/310)

Auguste I

Maximian was born in Sirmium around 250. He has "a low forehead, a wrinkled face, a trumpet nose, a thick chin and neck, a shaggy beard" according to "The Roman Emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not look so much like the portraits of the argentei, which are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. He was first Caesar, then Augustus from April 286, and it was the foundation of the Diarchy. Maximien settles in Trèves and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Brittany. In 293, when the Tetrarchy was created, he was assisted by Constantius Chlorus. Diocletian forces Maximian to abdicate on May 1, 305. He resents retirement and goes to support his son Maxentius when he seizes Rome on October 28, 306. He resumes service as august in 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian is forced to abdicate at the conference of Carnuntum, November 11, 308. One last time, he resumes the purple at the beginning of 310 in Marseilles before committing suicide or being assassinated.

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