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E-auction 514-427283 - brm_600759 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Follis ou nummus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Follis ou nummus AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 100 €
Price : 32 €
Maximum bid : 51 €
End of the sale : 20 February 2023 14:31:00
bidders : 8 bidders
Type : Follis ou nummus
Date: 299-303
Mint name / Town : Carthage
Metal : copper
Diameter : 29 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 10,41 g.
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et ovale, bien centré des deux côtés à l’usure superficielle. Patine verte avec des reflets métalliques
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Maximien à droite (O*).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L’empereur Maximien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART/ -|-// B.
Reverse description : La déesse de Carthage drapée debout à gauche tenant une grappe de fruits dans chaque main.
Reverse translation : “Saluis Augustoris et Cæsaribus Felicitas Karthago” (la bienheureuse Carthage, pour le Salut des césars et des augustes).

Commentary


Rubans de type 2 aux extrémités bouletées.

Historical background


MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS

(10/12/285-02/310)

Auguste I

Maximian was born in Sirmium around 250. He has "a low forehead, a wrinkled face, a trumpet nose, a thick chin and neck, a shaggy beard" according to "The Roman Emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not look so much like the portraits of the argentei, which are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. He was first Caesar, then Augustus from April 286, and it was the foundation of the Diarchy. Maximien settles in Trèves and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Brittany. In 293, when the Tetrarchy was created, he was assisted by Constantius Chlorus. Diocletian forces Maximian to abdicate on May 1, 305. He resents retirement and goes to support his son Maxentius when he seizes Rome on October 28, 306. He resumes service as august in 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian is forced to abdicate at the conference of Carnuntum, November 11, 308. One last time, he resumes the purple at the beginning of 310 in Marseilles before committing suicide or being assassinated.

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