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Live auction - brm_501082 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aureus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aureus AU
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live-auctionLive starting :
2018/12/04 14:00:00
brm_501082
1028
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Type : Aureus
Date: 294-295
Mint name / Town : Antioche
Metal : gold
Millesimal fineness : 1000 ‰
Diameter : 19,5 mm
Orientation dies : 11 h.
Weight : 5,37 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan régulier, parfaitement centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis visibles. Très beau portrait à l’usure superficielle. Joli revers de haut relief. Conserve une partie de son brillant d’origine et de son coupant de frappe
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la vente Vinchon du 11-13 avril 1988, n° 621, de MONNAIES 38, n° 1140 et de la collection R. P

Obverse


Obverse legend : MAXIMIANVS - AVGVSTVS.
Obverse description : Tête laurée de Maximien Hercule à droite (O*).
Obverse translation : “Maximianus Augustus”, (Maximien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : CONSVL IIII - P P PRO COS/ SMA.
Reverse description : Maximien Hercule lauré, debout à gauche, tenant un globe de la main droite et un sceptre transversal de la main gauche.
Reverse legend : S*.
Reverse translation : “Consul quartum Pater Patriæ Proconsul”, (Consul pour la quatrième fois, père de la patrie proconsul).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3. Marque SMA à l’exergue avec un sigma inversé et barré pour “Sacra Moneta Antiocheia” ou Monnaie sacrée d’Antioche et l’indication de la taille à la livre soit au 1/60 de livre romaine (1 livre = 324,72 g environ, donc poids théorique de l’aureus 5,41 g). Un graffiti derrière l’empereur au revers. Georges Depeyrot distingue deux types de sceptre pour le revers, vertical ou horizontal avec un total de 41 exemplaires recensés dont seulement trois pour l’horizontal.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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