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E-auction 324-240413 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus XF/AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 50 €
Price : 14 €
Maximum bid : 14 €
End of the sale : 01 July 2019 14:25:30
bidders : 7 bidders
Type : Aurelianus
Date: avril 286 - printemps 287
Date: 286-287
Mint name / Town : Roma
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,49 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 7e
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie bien centré au revers. Beau Jupiter. Buste à l’usure régulière. Patine marron
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L'empereur Maximien pieux et heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOVI CONSER-VAT AVGG/ -|-// XXIZ.
Reverse description : Jupiter nu debout à gauche, le manteau sur l'épaule, tenant un foudre de la main droite et un sceptre long de la gauche.
Reverse translation : “Iovi Conservatori Augustorum”, (À Jupiter protecteur des augustes).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Les ptéryges sont fines sous le paludamentum.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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