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brm_227834 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

45.00 €(Approx. 48.15$ | 37.80£)
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: 292
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 23,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,20 g.
Officine: 3e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire frappé sur un flan très large, bien centré. Très beau portrait. Frappe un peu molle au revers avec une cassure de coin visible dans la légende. Patine gris métallique
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite, avec pan de paludamentum vu de trois quarts en avant (B01).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Augustus”, (L’empereur Maximien auguste).


Reverse legend : VIRTVS - AVGG/ -|-// C.
Reverse description : Hercule nu debout à droite, s’appuyant de sa main gauche sur sa massue avec la léonté enroulée autour, posée sur un roc, la main droite appuyée sur sa hanche.
Reverse translation : “Virtus Augustorum”, (La Virilité des augustes).


Poids léger. Avec l’intégralité de son argenture. Rubans de type 3. Cuirasse et épaulière cloutées. Ptéryges larges.

Historical background



Auguste I

Maximian was born in Sirmium around 250. He has "a low forehead, a wrinkled face, a trumpet nose, a thick chin and neck, a shaggy beard" according to "The Roman Emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not look so much like the portraits of the argentei, which are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. He was first Caesar, then Augustus from April 286, and it was the foundation of the Diarchy. Maximien settles in Trèves and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Brittany. In 293, when the Tetrarchy was created, he was assisted by Constantius Chlorus. Diocletian forces Maximian to abdicate on May 1, 305. He resents retirement and goes to support his son Maxentius when he seizes Rome on October 28, 306. He resumes service as august in 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian is forced to abdicate at the conference of Carnuntum, November 11, 308. One last time, he resumes the purple at the beginning of 310 in Marseilles before committing suicide or being assassinated.

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