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E-auction 67-32085 - brm_173833 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus XF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 100 €
Price : 46 €
Maximum bid : 50 €
End of the sale : 28 July 2014 15:16:00
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Aurelianus
Date: automne 289 - début 290
Date: 289-290
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,92 g.
Rarity : R3
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan bien centré des deux côtés. Beau portrait inhabituel. Joli revers. Patine marron foncé, légèrement granuleuse, tachée au droit sur la joue
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite avec pan de paludamentum, vu de trois quarts en avant (B01).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Maximianus Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Maximien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : PA-X A-VGG/ -|-// S.
Reverse description : Pax (la Paix) debout de face tournée à gauche, tenant un globe nicéphore de la main droite et un long sceptre transversal de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Pax Augustorum”, (La Paix des augustes).

Commentary


Sans argenture. Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées. Cuirasse et épaulière bouletées. Ptéryges fines. Portrait très particulier où Maximien Hercule semble prendre les traits de Dioclétien. Malgré la rareté du type, nous n’avons pas noté de liaison de coin pertinente. C’est le septième exemplaire recensé. Prendra le numéro 282d dans le Supplément III du Bastien.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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