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E-auction 240-163289 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

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2017/11/20 14:25:00
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: automne 287 - automne 289
Date: 287-289
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 23,00 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,29 g.
Rarity : R2
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire à l’usure très importante avec le métal piqué et corrodé, parfaitement lisible et identifiable avec une liaison de coin. Patine grise
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié de Maximien Hercule à gauche, vu de trois quarts en avant avec la léonté sur l’épaule et tenant de la main droite la massue (G1).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Maximianus Pius Augustus”, (L'empereur césar Maximien pieux auguste).


Reverse legend : HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG/ S|-// -.
Reverse description : Hercule nu debout à gauche, tenant un globe nicéphore de la main droite et la léonté enroulée autour du bras gauche, s'appuyant sur sa massue.
Reverse translation : “Herculi Invicto Augustorum”, (À l’Hercule invincible des augustes).


Poids léger. Avec toute son argenture. Rubans de type 2 aux extrémités bouletées. Mêmes coins que l’exemplaire du trésor de Thibouville, n° 2775, Bastien, n° 186c, pl. XIII. C’est le neuvième exemplaire publié. Prendra le numéro 186f dans le Supplément III du Bastien.

Historical background


(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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