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v21_3430 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus AU
MONNAIES 21 (2004)
Starting price : 100.00 €
Estimate : 150.00 €
unsold lot
Type : Aurelianus
Date: c. 290
Mint name / Town : Syrie, Séleucie et Piérie, Antioche (Antiochia ad Orontem)
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 23 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 3,93 g.
Rarity : R1
Officine: 5e
Coments on the condition:
Portrait taillé à la serpe. Patine gris vert avec des reflets métalliques. Avec son argenture superficielle. Revers de toute beauté
Catalogue references :
C.311 - RIC.622 - RC.- - MRK.-

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (B).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Cæsar Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus", (L’empereur césar Marc Aurèle Maximien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG/ E// .XXI.
Reverse description : Jupiter et Hercule debout face à face ; Jupiter debout à gauche, tourné à droite, nu, le manteau flottant sur l’épaule, tenant un long sceptre vertical de la main gauche et un globe de la main droite ; Hercule est debout à droite, tourné à gauche, nu, tenant une victoriola de la main droite et la massue de la main gauche, la léonté enroulée sur le bras.
Reverse translation : “Iovi et Herculi Conservatori Augustorum”, (À Jupiter et Hercule protecteurs des augustes).

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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