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brm_706064 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus AU
150.00 €(Approx. 162.00$ | 129.00£)
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Type : Aurelianus
Date: printemps - été 286
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 3,52 g.
Officine: 3e
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie centrée. Joli buste finement détaillé. Patine grise
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la trouvaille n° 1 et de ROME I, 1995, n° 13

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, drapé et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à droite, vu de trois quarts en avant (A).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Valerius Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus”, (L'empereur césar Valère Maximien pieux et heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : VIRTVS AVGG/ C|-// -.
Reverse description : Hercule nu debout à droite, s’appuyant de sa main droite sur sa massue avec la léonté enroulée autour, posée sur un roc, la main gauche appuyée sur sa hanche.
Reverse translation : “Virtus Augustorum”, (La Virilité des augustes).

Commentary


Rubans de type 3 aux extrémités bouletées.

Historical background


MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS

(10/12/285-02/310)

Auguste I

Maximian was born in Sirmium around 250. He has "a low forehead, a wrinkled face, a trumpet nose, a thick chin and neck, a shaggy beard" according to "The Roman Emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not look so much like the portraits of the argentei, which are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. He was first Caesar, then Augustus from April 286, and it was the foundation of the Diarchy. Maximien settles in Trèves and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Brittany. In 293, when the Tetrarchy was created, he was assisted by Constantius Chlorus. Diocletian forces Maximian to abdicate on May 1, 305. He resents retirement and goes to support his son Maxentius when he seizes Rome on October 28, 306. He resumes service as august in 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian is forced to abdicate at the conference of Carnuntum, November 11, 308. One last time, he resumes the purple at the beginning of 310 in Marseilles before committing suicide or being assassinated.

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