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E-auction 354-267445 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus MS/AU
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 195 €
Price : 67 €
Maximum bid : 75 €
End of the sale : 27 January 2020 14:14:00
bidders : 4 bidders
Type : Aurelianus
Date: automne 287 - automne 289
Mint name / Town : Gaule, Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 23 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,42 g.
Rarity : R2
Officine: 3e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large et ovale, bien centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis visibles. Très beau portrait de Maximien Hercule. Joli revers. Patine grise avec des reflets mordorés. Conserve l’intégralité de son brillant de frappe et de son coupant d’origine
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié, casqué et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à gauche drapé sur l’épaule, vu de trois quarts en avant (C11).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Cæsar Maximianus Pius Augustus”, (L’empereur césar Maximien pieux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : VIRTVTI AVGG/ -|-// -.
Reverse description : Hercule nu debout à droite, étranglant le lion de Némée ; à ses pieds derrière lui, sa massue.
Reverse translation : “Virtuti Augustorum”, (À la Virilité des augustes).

Commentary


Poids léger. Avec l’intégralité de son argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 3. Casque clouté. Visière longue et décorée. Couvre nuque orné d’une croisette cantonnée de globules. Cuirasse et épaulière cloutées. Ptéryges fines et tombantes, visibles des deux côtés. Même coin de droit que l’exemplaire du Cabinet des médailles de la BnF, Bastien, n° 219d, pl. XV. C’est le dixième exemplaire publié.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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