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Live auction - brm_466857 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus MS
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 850 €
Price : 420 €
Maximum bid : 420 €
End of the sale : 06 March 2018 15:59:32
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Aurelianus
Date: automne 287 - automne 289
Date: 287-289
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 21,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,87 g.
Rarity : R3
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire de qualité exceptionnelle pour ce type sur un flan ovale, parfaitement centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis visibles. Portrait herculéen de Maximien de toute beauté. Revers de haut relief, bien venu à la frappe. Magnifique patine grise avec des reflets dorés. Conserve la plus grande partie de son brillant de frappe et de son coupant d’origine
Catalogue references :
B.180 (2 ex.) - C.- - RIC. - RCV.- - MRK.- - Compas-
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection Philippe Lacoste

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP C MAXIMIANVS P F AVG.
Obverse description : Buste radié de Maximien Hercule à gauche, vu de trois quarts en avant avec la léonté sur l’épaule et tenant de la main droite la massue (G1).
Obverse translation : "Imperator Cæsar Maximianus Pius Felix Augustus", (L'empereur césar Maximien pieux heureux auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG/ S|-.
Reverse description : Hercule nu debout à gauche, le manteau sur l’épaule, tenant un globe nicéphore de la main droite et appuyé de la main gauche sur sa massue.
Reverse translation : “Herculi Invicto Augustorum”, (À l’Hercule invaincu des augustes).

Commentary


Même coin de droit que les deux exemplaires décrits dans l’ouvrage du Dr. P. Bastien (B. 180 a et b, pl. XII). C’est le cinquième exemplaire signalé. Manque aux grands musées tels le Cabinet des médailles de la BnF ou le British Museum. Prendra le numéro 180d dans le supplément 3 du Bastien.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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