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Live auction - brm_466839 - MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus

MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS Aurelianus MS/MS
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 550 €
Price : 320 €
Maximum bid : 320 €
End of the sale : 06 March 2018 16:00:32
bidders : 1 bidder
Type : Aurelianus
Date: printemps 290-291
Date: 290-291
Mint name / Town : Lyon
Metal : billon
Millesimal fineness : 50 ‰
Diameter : 22 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,61 g.
Rarity : R2
Officine: 2e
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire de qualité exceptionnelle pour ce type de monnayage. Portrait de toute beauté. Revers de haut relief, mais de frappe un peu molle. Magnifique patine de médaillier avec des reflets dorés. Conserve l’intégralité de son brillant de frappe et de son coupant d’origine au droit
Catalogue references :
B.383 pl. XXVII (7 ex.) - RIC.- - C.445 - ROME 1/80 - Compas232
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection Philippe Lacoste

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP MAXIMIANVS A-VG.
Obverse description : Buste radié et cuirassé de Maximien Hercule à gauche, avec pan de paludamentum vu de trois quarts en avant, tenant une haste de la main droite et un bouclier de la gauche (F1).
Obverse translation : “Imperator Maximianus Augustus”, (L'empereur Maximien auguste).

Reverse


Reverse legend : PAX - AVGG/ -|-// B.
Reverse description : Pax (la Paix) debout à gauche, tenant un globe nicéphore de la main droite et un long sceptre transversal de la main gauche.
Reverse translation : “Pax Augustorum”, (La Paix des augustes).

Commentary


Avec l’intégralité de son argenture superficielle. Rubans de type 2. Cuirasse lignée. Bouclier avec umbo central. Même coin de droit que l’exemplaire brm_457414 (e-AUCTION 12 décembre 2017 = ROME I, n° 80). Pour ce type, nous avons dix exemplaires avec quatre coins de droit et sept coins de revers. Manque à la collection de la BnF.

Historical background


MAXIMIEN HERCULES

(10/12/285-02/310) Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus I (1/04/286-1/05/305)

Maximian was born in Sirmium to 250. It has "low forehead, wrinkled face, nose trumpet, chin and thick neck, shaggy beard" after "Roman emperors", op. cit., p. 119. This description does not really resemble the portraits of argentei are stereotyped and not necessarily recognizable. He is chosen by Diocletian to assist him. It is first Caesar and august from April 286, and it is the foundation of the Dyarchie. Maximian moved to Trier and must fight against the barbarian invasions and the usurpation of Carausius in Britain. In 293, the creation of the Tetrarchy, he is assisted by Constantius. Diocletian forced Maximian to abdicate on 1 May 305. He resents retirement and will support his son Maxentius when it seizes Rome 28 October 306. He is back in august as 307 and helps Constantine to whom he gives his daughter Fausta in marriage. Maximian was forced to abdicate to the conference Carnuntum 11 November 308. One last time, he took the purple early 310 in Marseille before committing suicide or being murdered.

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