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E-auction 363-276020 - MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Obole MA, tête à gauche

MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Obole MA, tête à gauche VF
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NO BUYER'S FEE.
Estimate : 30 €
Price : 19 €
Maximum bid : 20 €
End of the sale : 30 March 2020 14:25:00
bidders : 4 bidders
Type : Obole MA, tête à gauche
Date: c. 121-49 AC.
Mint name / Town : Marseille (13)
Metal : silver
Diameter : 8,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 0,48 g.
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un petit flan piquée et corrodé à l’usure importante, identifiable
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête juvénile à gauche du dieu fleuve (le Lacydon ?), les traits stylisés.

Reverse


Reverse legend : M-A DANS LES 3E ET 4E CANTONS.
Reverse description : Roue à quatre rayons avec moyeu central.

Commentary


Poids léger. Imitation ?.
Pour Claude Brenot, la fabrication des oboles se serait interrompue vers 220 avant J.-C. pour ne reprendre que vers 90 avant J.-C.. D’après la nouvelle classification, il n’y aurait pas eu d’interruption de frappe, mais ce type d’oboles appartiendrait aux émissions postérieures à 121 avant J.-C. et à la chute de l’empire arverne. Cette série est la dernière en importance du monnayage massaliote. Dans son étude sur le monnayage hellénistique de Marseille, G. Depeyrot a présenté des hypothèses de travail intéressantes, reposant sur l'étude d'un matériel important, complètement reclassé, en réfutant en particulier les thèses et les conclusions de C. Brenot, héritière du travail d'Henri Rolland, décédé en 1970, avant la publication de son ouvrage sur le monnayage de Marseille. Si les conclusions, en particulier chronologiques de G. Depeyrot devraient s'imposer car elles s'appuient sur la publication des trésors, il ne tient pas assez compte du travail de ses prédécesseurs et n'a réglé ni le problème des oboles dont la datation reste encore lâche, comprise entre le milieu du IVe siècle avant J.-C. et la chute de la cité en 49 avant J.-C., ni le problème des différents étalons monétaires. Il dénonce les choix de C. Brenot en soulignant son arbitraire mais il applique les mêmes règles pour arriver à des conclusions différentes.

Historical background


MASSALIA - MARSEILLE

(Ve - first century BC)

Marseille, the "Massalia" Greeks, founded by the Phoenicians in 600 J. C-. Is born from the desire to promote Greek trading posts in order to compete with the Carthaginians and Etruscans for dominance of the western Mediterranean. Marseille is absolutely not a Celtic or Gallic creation and belongs to the Greek world. Between the fifth and the first century BC, Marseille and its hinterland experiencing unprecedented development. The rise of Rome from the first Punic War (268-241 before J. C-. ) And the strategic choice of Marseille, who plays Rome against Carthage, will return in the second half of the third century BC, Massalia a leading role in international trade in the western Mediterranean. The second century BC marked the decline of Marseille. Privileged ally of the Romans, Marseille, thanks to them, succeeded in imposing its authority in Marseille hinterland. The Romans, stopping the Cimbri and Teutons, saved southern Gaul invasions. From 118 before J. C-. The situation changes and becomes a Roman province Provincia. Marseille merchants compete with Roman traders in Spain, Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. Nevertheless, they remain allies of the Romans until the first century BC. This is the beginning of the civil war between Caesar Pompey before 49 J. C-. which will be fatal to the city. Marseille was not able to choose between the two protagonists. Caesar besieged and took the city may suffer as its means of communication between Gaul and Italy can be cut. Fleet of Marseille was too important for it to fall into the hands of his mortal enemy, Pompey. Conquered the city was still not sacked and remained an important port at the beginning of Roman rule. Greek remained, it was never really assimilated to Roman Gaul and kept a sort of independent status, mixed cosmopolitanism where all religions crossed all peoples for the benefit of the Marseilles Trade.

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