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E-auction 355-268696 - MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Obole MA, tête à droite

MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Obole MA, tête à droite VF
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Estimate : 100 €
Price : 36 €
Maximum bid : 45 €
End of the sale : 03 February 2020 14:07:00
bidders : 5 bidders
Type : Obole MA, tête à droite
Date: c. 380-336 AC.
Mint name / Town : Marseille (13)
Metal : silver
Diameter : 11 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 0,82 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire centré. Usure importante mais régulière. La monnaie reste agréable. Patine grise
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête juvénile d’Apollon à droite avec un début de favoris, grènetis.


Reverse legend : M-A DANS LES 3E ET 4E CANTONS.
Reverse description : Roue à quatre rayons avec moyeu central bouleté.


Dans son étude sur le monnayage hellénistique de Marseille, G. Depeyrot a relevé 98 exemplaires pour ce type d'obole qui est bien le plus ancien. Ce chiffre peut sembler important, mais cette série est en réalité relativement rare car elle s'étend sur une période chronologique couvrant plus d'un siècle selon les conclusions de cet auteur. C. Brenot date cette série précoce entre 410 et 385 avant J.-C. alors que G Depeyrot la situe entre 350 et 215 avant J.-C. L'étude des oboles reste encore à faire et si la chronologie de G. Depeyrot n'est pas à négliger, il reste à replacer le changement d'étalon monétaire entre un système basé sur la litra (poids de 0,86 g en moyenne) et celui basé sur l'obole (poids de 0,72 g en moyenne). Cette rupture aurait pu être causée par un effort de guerre ou une crise économique.

Historical background


(Ve - first century BC)

Marseille, the "Massalia" Greeks, founded by the Phoenicians in 600 J. C-. Is born from the desire to promote Greek trading posts in order to compete with the Carthaginians and Etruscans for dominance of the western Mediterranean. Marseille is absolutely not a Celtic or Gallic creation and belongs to the Greek world. Between the fifth and the first century BC, Marseille and its hinterland experiencing unprecedented development. The rise of Rome from the first Punic War (268-241 before J. C-. ) And the strategic choice of Marseille, who plays Rome against Carthage, will return in the second half of the third century BC, Massalia a leading role in international trade in the western Mediterranean. The second century BC marked the decline of Marseille. Privileged ally of the Romans, Marseille, thanks to them, succeeded in imposing its authority in Marseille hinterland. The Romans, stopping the Cimbri and Teutons, saved southern Gaul invasions. From 118 before J. C-. The situation changes and becomes a Roman province Provincia. Marseille merchants compete with Roman traders in Spain, Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. Nevertheless, they remain allies of the Romans until the first century BC. This is the beginning of the civil war between Caesar Pompey before 49 J. C-. which will be fatal to the city. Marseille was not able to choose between the two protagonists. Caesar besieged and took the city may suffer as its means of communication between Gaul and Italy can be cut. Fleet of Marseille was too important for it to fall into the hands of his mortal enemy, Pompey. Conquered the city was still not sacked and remained an important port at the beginning of Roman rule. Greek remained, it was never really assimilated to Roman Gaul and kept a sort of independent status, mixed cosmopolitanism where all religions crossed all peoples for the benefit of the Marseilles Trade.

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