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bga_424248 - MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Litra du type du trésor d'Auriol à la tête d'Athéna coiffé du casque attique

MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Litra du type du trésor d Auriol à la tête d Athéna coiffé du casque attique AU
350.00 €(Approx. 395.50$ | 297.50£)
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Type : Litra du type du trésor d'Auriol à la tête d'Athéna coiffé du casque attique
Date: c. 475-460 AC.
Mint name / Town : Marseille (13)
Metal : silver
Diameter : 10,5 mm
Weight : 0,99 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Litra avec des types complets et bien centrés. Patine grise, un peu hétérogène
Predigree :
Cet exemplaire provient de la collection M. S. et précédemment de la collection d’un notable clermontois qui avait noté les provenances de ses monnaies sur un registre manuscrit ; cette litra provient de l’oppidum de Caumont-sur-Durance (84), il s’agit probablement de l’oppidum de Bonpas


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête d'Athéna à gauche, coiffée du casque attique.


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Carré creux irrégulier.


Cet exemplaire est très proche du OBB-1 du Dicomon ; ce type est lui-même indiqué “très proche du type OBA-Ea”.
Cette monnaie s’intègre dans le groupe EaI, répertorié par une seule monnaie dans l’ouvrage de Futwängler.
Dans le RN 2008, page 243, J.-A. Chevillon remet en doute l’appartenance de la monnaie illustrée par Futwängler au trésor d’Auriol ; il date cette monnaie des années 475-460, soit après l’enfouissement du trésor !.

Historical background


(Ve - first century BC)

Marseille, the "Massalia" Greeks, founded by the Phoenicians in 600 J. C-. Is born from the desire to promote Greek trading posts in order to compete with the Carthaginians and Etruscans for dominance of the western Mediterranean. Marseille is absolutely not a Celtic or Gallic creation and belongs to the Greek world. Between the fifth and the first century BC, Marseille and its hinterland experiencing unprecedented development. The rise of Rome from the first Punic War (268-241 before J. C-. ) And the strategic choice of Marseille, who plays Rome against Carthage, will return in the second half of the third century BC, Massalia a leading role in international trade in the western Mediterranean. The second century BC marked the decline of Marseille. Privileged ally of the Romans, Marseille, thanks to them, succeeded in imposing its authority in Marseille hinterland. The Romans, stopping the Cimbri and Teutons, saved southern Gaul invasions. From 118 before J. C-. The situation changes and becomes a Roman province Provincia. Marseille merchants compete with Roman traders in Spain, Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. Nevertheless, they remain allies of the Romans until the first century BC. This is the beginning of the civil war between Caesar Pompey before 49 J. C-. which will be fatal to the city. Marseille was not able to choose between the two protagonists. Caesar besieged and took the city may suffer as its means of communication between Gaul and Italy can be cut. Fleet of Marseille was too important for it to fall into the hands of his mortal enemy, Pompey. Conquered the city was still not sacked and remained an important port at the beginning of Roman rule. Greek remained, it was never really assimilated to Roman Gaul and kept a sort of independent status, mixed cosmopolitanism where all religions crossed all peoples for the benefit of the Marseilles Trade.

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