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bga_337451 - MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Litra du type du trésor d'Auriol à la tête d'Artémis

MASSALIA - MARSEILLE Litra du type du trésor d Auriol à la tête d Artémis AU
500.00 €(Approx. 595.00$ | 430.00£)
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Type : Litra du type du trésor d'Auriol à la tête d'Artémis
Date: c. 480-470 AC.
Mint name / Town : Marseille (13)
Metal : silver
Diameter : 10,5 mm
Weight : 0,83 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Flan large avec des types complets et bien centrés. Patine grise, sur un métal cristallisé
Catalogue references :


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête d'Artémis à gauche, la coiffure en pointillés relevée sur la nuque.


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Carré creux irrégulier.


Ce type de tête correspond au n° 9 de l’Annexe 2 de Furtwängler ou encore aux monnaies 10 à 21 du trésor massaliète du Ve siècle étudié dans la RN 1983.
Cette coiffure dite “au crobilos” ne semble pas avoir été reprise dans le Dicomon (?). Le OBB-3 est d’un style très particulier qui ne peut être pris comme monnaie type. Le style du OBB-7 est plus représentatif, mais associé à un sanglier au revers !.

Historical background


(Ve - first century BC)

Marseille, the "Massalia" Greeks, founded by the Phoenicians in 600 J. C-. Is born from the desire to promote Greek trading posts in order to compete with the Carthaginians and Etruscans for dominance of the western Mediterranean. Marseille is absolutely not a Celtic or Gallic creation and belongs to the Greek world. Between the fifth and the first century BC, Marseille and its hinterland experiencing unprecedented development. The rise of Rome from the first Punic War (268-241 before J. C-. ) And the strategic choice of Marseille, who plays Rome against Carthage, will return in the second half of the third century BC, Massalia a leading role in international trade in the western Mediterranean. The second century BC marked the decline of Marseille. Privileged ally of the Romans, Marseille, thanks to them, succeeded in imposing its authority in Marseille hinterland. The Romans, stopping the Cimbri and Teutons, saved southern Gaul invasions. From 118 before J. C-. The situation changes and becomes a Roman province Provincia. Marseille merchants compete with Roman traders in Spain, Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. Nevertheless, they remain allies of the Romans until the first century BC. This is the beginning of the civil war between Caesar Pompey before 49 J. C-. which will be fatal to the city. Marseille was not able to choose between the two protagonists. Caesar besieged and took the city may suffer as its means of communication between Gaul and Italy can be cut. Fleet of Marseille was too important for it to fall into the hands of his mortal enemy, Pompey. Conquered the city was still not sacked and remained an important port at the beginning of Roman rule. Greek remained, it was never really assimilated to Roman Gaul and kept a sort of independent status, mixed cosmopolitanism where all religions crossed all peoples for the benefit of the Marseilles Trade. uses cookies to guarantee a better user experience and to carry out statistics of visits.
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