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Live auction - brm_599110 - MARCUS ANTONIUS Denier

MARCUS ANTONIUS Denier AU
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All winning bids are subject to a 12% buyer’s fee.
Estimate : 1 400 €
Price : 1 355 €
Maximum bid : 1 589 €
End of the sale : 08 September 2020 15:01:36
bidders : 3 bidders
Type : Denier
Date: 32-31 AC.
Mint name / Town : Patras
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 750 ‰
Diameter : 17,5 mm
Orientation dies : 9 h.
Weight : 3,84 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Superbe exemplaire, idéalement centré. Très beau revers, finement détaillé. Patine grise de collection

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANT. AVG AU-DESSUS ; III VIR R.P.C À L'EXERGUE.
Obverse description : Trirème voguant à droite avec l'acrostolium.
Obverse translation : "Antonius Augurus, Triumvir Rei Publicæ Constituandæ" (Antoine augure, triumvir pour la restauration de la République).

Reverse


Reverse legend : CHORTIS. SPECVLATORVM.
Reverse description : Trois enseignes militaires sur chacune desquelles se trouvent deux couronnes, un bouclier et une proue de vaisseau.
Reverse translation : “Chortis Speculatorum”, (les cohortes des éclaireurs).

Commentary


Pour l’ensemble des deniers des légions, M. Crawford a relevé une estimation de 864 coins de droit et de 960 coins de revers représentant une production massive, comprise entre deux et quatre millions de deniers. Le coût d’une légion était d’un million de deniers par an. Cependant ce type est l’un des plus rares.

Historical background


MARC ANTOINE

(83-30 BC) Marcus Antonius

Antoine, born before 83 J. C-. Was a staunch supporter of Caesar. He served under his command in Gaul, was one of his lieutenants during the Civil War (49-45 before J. C-. ) And donned his first consulship with him (before 44 J. C-. ). At his death, Antoine received a "Imperium maius" to Gaul (Cisalpine and Transalpine). After the siege of Mutina and killing two consuls (Pansa and Hirtius), he formed the second triumvirate with Octavian and Lepidus and favored the proscriptions (death of Cicero, 43 J before. C-. ). He deified Caesar before 42 J. C-. and participated in the Battle of Philippi where Brutus and Cassius were killed. Antoine, 41-J before. C-. , Went to Asia Minor after the Parthian invasion of the previous year in Syria. Antoine met for the first time Cleopatra in Alexandria. After the war of Perugia where his brother was disavowed, he reconciled with Octave and married his sister Octavia. Peace of Misenum devoted a standstill with Sextus Pompey (39 J before. C-. ). Pact Taranto, 37 J before. C-. , Renewed the Triumvirate. Antoine had married Cleopatra in 37 or 36 before J. C-. At 34, he celebrated a triumph in Alexandria after his brilliant Armenian campaign, followed by the famous "Donation of Alexandria". Antony divorced Octavia in 32 before J. C-. Octave and published in Rome testament of Antoine. This marked the beginning of open hostilities between the two men, hostilities were ended by the battle of Actium (31 J before. C-. ) And suicides, the following year, Mark Antony and Cleopatra. Egypt became a Roman province.

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