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bby_589749 - MANUEL I KOMNENOS Aspron trachy (scyphate)

MANUEL I KOMNENOS Aspron trachy (scyphate) VF/VF
75.00 €(Approx. 81.75$ | 62.25£)
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Type : Aspron trachy (scyphate)
Date: c. 1143-1180
Mint name / Town : Constantinople
Metal : billon
Diameter : 30 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 3,40 g.
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IC - [XC].
Obverse description : Le Christ nimbé trônant de face, vêtu du pallium et du colobium, tenant les Évangiles des deux mains.
Obverse translation : (Jésus Christ).

Reverse


Reverse description : Manuel Ier couronné par la Vierge Marie debout de face ; Manuel Ier est couronné, vêtu du divitision et du loros, tenant l’akakia de la main gauche et le labarum de la main droite ; la Vierge est nimbée voilée, vêtue de pallium et du maphorium orné ; elle couronne de la main droite, Manuel et bénit de la main gauche.
Reverse legend : [MANuHA - DESPOTH/ MR/ QU].
Reverse translation : (Manuel desposte/ la mère de Dieu).

Commentary


Poids très léger. Au revers, le vêtement de Manuel Ier est richement décoré. Cinq globules au cou. Le plastron est orné de cinq globules posé en carré pointé en cœur. Le divitision est orné de deux globules. Le globe crucigère est surmonté de quatre globules posés en croix.

Historical background


MANUAL I COMNÈNE

(8/04/1143-24/09/1180)

The long reign of Manuel I mark the last Byzantine start before the fall of 1204. Steeped in Latin culture, he faced the Second Crusade (1147-1149), led by Louis VII of France who, with the help of the Norman Roger II, attacked Byzantium. The Normans took possession of part of Greece (Corinth and Thebes). Louis VII had to return to France just before divorcing Eleanor of Aquitaine. Manuel was the son of Conrad III and Frederick Barbarossa was his nemesis. The Emperor of Germany gave the Sultan of Iconium to revolt against the Byzantines who were crushed at the Battle of Myrioscéphalon in 1176. After a reign of 37 years, Manuel died in 1180, leaving weakened Byzantium, easy prey for Christians and Muslims.

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