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Live auction - bgr_741413 - LYDIA - LYDIAN KINGDOM - CROESUS Statère

LYDIA - LYDIAN KINGDOM - CROESUS Statère AU
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Estimate : 7 500 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 07 June 2022 14:26:23
Type : Statère
Date: c. 550 AC.
Mint name / Town : Lydie, Sardes
Metal : silver
Diameter : 14 mm
Orientation dies : - h.
Weight : 10,34 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Très bel exemplaire sur un flan ovale, centré des deux côtés. Jolis protomés. Fine usure superficielle. Patine grise

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Protomés de taureau et de lion affrontés.

Reverse


Reverse description : Double carré creux informe.

Commentary


Ce statère correspond aussi à un double sicle. La datation est parfois remise en question et abaissée. Ce type a pu être frappé par les Perses avant l’adoption du sicle avec l’archer perse comme nouvelle monnaie d’Empire.

Historical background


LYDIA - LYDIAN KINGDOM - CROESUS

(561-546 BC)

The wealth of Croesus as well as the name of the river which flowed in Sardis carrying nuggets of gold (or rather electrum), the Pactole, remained proverbial. The Lydian coinage, one of the first in the Greek world, would begin in the middle of the 7th century BC. Under Croesus, we have an important and diversified coinage. Croesus succeeded Alyattes II (610-561 BC). The beginning of his reign was brilliant, but he clashed with the new king of the Persians, Cyrus. War between the two kingdoms broke out. Sardis fell in 546 BC under the blows of the Persians of Cyrus who spared the life of Croesus. Sardis became the capital of a satrapy. Cyrus kept his adversary's monetary system and coinage. The half-stater of silver or shekel was the twentieth part of the light gold stater of 8.17 g. It will be necessary to wait until 510 for the daric and the Persian shekel to replace the archaic coinage of Croesus.

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