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v29_0088 - LUGDUNUM - LYON - JULIUS CAESAR and OCTAVIAN Dupondius “COPIA”, (GB, Æ 32)

LUGDUNUM - LYON - JULIUS CAESAR and OCTAVIAN Dupondius “COPIA”, (GB, Æ 32) VF/AU
MONNAIES 29 (2007)
Starting price : 750.00 €
Estimate : 1 200.00 €
Realised price : 840.00 €
Number of bids : 3
Maximum bid : 900.00 €
Type : Dupondius “COPIA”, (GB, Æ 32)
Date: c. 36 AC.
Mint name / Town : Gaule, Lyon (Lugdunum)
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 32 mm
Orientation dies : 10 h.
Weight : 18,29 g.
Rarity : R2
Emission: 1re
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan large, irrégulier et bien centré des deux côtés. Légende totalement visible au droit. Usure importante, mais parfaitement identifiable. Revers de qualité exceptionnelle pour ce type de monnayage, certainement le plus beau que nous ayons proposé à la vente depuis dix ans. Jolie patine vert profond
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : IMP./ CAESAR./ DIVI. IVLI./ DIVI. F..
Obverse description : Tête d'Octave nue à droite, adossée à la tête de César laurée à gauche ; entre deux, une palme.
Obverse translation : “Imperator/ Cæsar/ Divi Iuli/ Divi Filii”, (L’imperator/ césar/ divin Jules/ fils du divin).

Reverse


Reverse legend : COPIA.
Reverse description : Proue de navire à droite ornée d’un œil et d’un dauphin ; un astre au dessus.
Reverse translation : “Copia”, (Copia).

Commentary


De nombreux exemplaires furent coupés en deux pour servir comme as ou demi-dupondius ; si bien qu'il est très rare d'avoir un dupondius complet. Notre exemplaire présente la particularité d’appartenir à la première émission avec la palme au milieu. Le revers de notre exemplaire est tout à fait exceptionnel avec tous les détails visibles.

Historical background


LUGDUNUM - LYON - JULIUS CAESAR AND OCTAVE

(First century BC)

Lyon colony "Copia Felix Munatia Lugdunum" was founded in 43 J. C-. by Lucius Plancus Munatius, one of Caesar's lieutenants, and Antoine. The settlement appears to have received the "jus Romanum". Its original mint is not unlike those of Orange, Narbonne, Vienna and finally Nîmes. 1 Aug. 12 before J. C-. , At a place called Condate at the confluence of the Rhône and Saône was founded on federal sanctuary of the Three Gauls to commemorate the religious and political union of the conquered provinces with Rome and Augustus. This sanctuary was located at the current location of the Croix Rousse. The monument was presented as a large terrace above which stood a monumental altar bearing the names of sixty Gallic cities of the Three Gauls (Aquitaine, Lyon and Belgium). The altar was adorned with statues symbolizing cities. On each side of the altar stood a column topped by a bronze victory. The mint at the altar of Lyon continued to be manufactured under Tiberius and Claudius, who made up the last hit aces and seedlings. Claude, son of Drusus and Antonia and brother Germanicus was born in Lyon on 1 Aug. 10 before J. C-. Two years after the inauguration of the altar of the Three Gauls. He remained favorable to the Gauls when he became emperor and ushered in the Senate 48 (see Tables Claudiennes preserved at Lyon and compare the review that gives Tacitus, Annals, XI, 23-25). The Imperial Lyon workshop, which was opened by Augustus to 15 before J. C-. Was the main workshop of the Empire until the death of Caligula and remained significant during the reigns of Claudius and Nero to the Monetary Reform 64. Until then, he was the only mint to produce aurei and denarii. Reform withdrew his manufacturing species of precious metal, but he kept those bronze (very important). This is actually the fall of the Emperor 68, and the civil wars that followed between 68 and 70, which altered the status of the imperial workshop. The rebirth of a "Gallic" particularism and ephemeral "Gallic Empire", proclaimed by Civilis, the Batavian, joined by Julius Tutor and Julius Classicus, both Treviri and Lingon Julius Sabinus, should cause a reaction Rome. Vespasian, the new emperor, sent Q. Petillius Cerialis Gaul to crush sedition. The Gauls were defeated on the Moselle and the conspirators knew then various fates. Gaul was back in obedience to Rome. The Lyon workshop closed its doors 78, for long, ending the Gallic particularism. We must now modify our interpretation of monetary circulation in Gaul between the end of the Gallic War and the death of Nero. Celtic coins in silver, bronze and pewter circulated together with Roman coins which spread slowly outside of Narbonne. Here we must use the neologism circulation "Roman Gaul" rather than Gallo-Roman.

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