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bgr_912490 - LUCANIA - THOURIOI Nomos, statère ou didrachme

LUCANIA - THOURIOI Nomos, statère ou didrachme XF
400.00 €(Approx. 428.00$ | 340.00£)
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Type : Nomos, statère ou didrachme
Date: c. 400-350 AC.
Mint name / Town : Thurium, Lucanie
Metal : silver
Diameter : 20,5 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Weight : 7,54 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan court, centré des deux côtés. Joli portrait d’Athéna. Usure régulière. Patine grise
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Obverse description : Tête laurée d'Athéna à droite coiffée du casque attique à triple aigrette orné d’une couronne de laurier.

Reverse


Reverse description : Taureau chargeant à droite, une feuille de lierre entre les pattes ; à l'exergue, un thon à droite.
Reverse legend : QOURIWN.

Historical background


LUCANIA - THOURIOI

(5th - 4th century BC)

Thurium whose name would be derived from a fountain named Thuria, the new Sybaris, was founded in 443 BC on the site of the ancient Sybaris, destroyed in 510 BC by the Crotoniates. It was a Pan-Hellenic Athenian colony, initially populated by Messenians, driven out by the Spartans. Its silver coinage was very important. Around 390 BC, the Lucanians inflicted a serious defeat on the inhabitants of Thurium (Diodorus of Sicily XIV, 101) which did not affect the prosperity of the city. It fell under the thumb of the Brettiens in 268 before. It was refounded in 194 BC under the name of Copia by the Romans. At the end of the Republic, again, the name of Thurium is attested. Octave-Auguste was born there on September 23, 63 BC.

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