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fme_684820 - LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille, Roi Henri II

LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille, Roi Henri II AU
50.00 €(Approx. 54.50$ | 42.50£)
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Type : Médaille, Roi Henri II
Date: (1838)
Metal : tin
Diameter : 52 mm
Orientation dies : 12 h.
Engraver CAQUÉ Armand Auguste (1795-1881)
Weight : 64,51 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Aspect légèrement poreux. Quelques marques d’usure
Catalogue references :

Obverse


Obverse legend : HENRI II - ROI DE FRANCE.
Obverse description : Buste lauré à droite de Henri II en armure, signé : CAQUE 1838.

Reverse


Reverse legend : HENRI II / 59EME ROI. / - / FILS DE FRANCOIS I.ER / - / NE 1518. / ROI 1547. / - / UNION POUR LA DEFENSE / DE LA LIBERTE GERMANIQUE 1551 / PRISE DE METZ / DE TOUL ET E VERDUN. / MARIAGE DE MARIE STUART / AVEC FRANCOIS DAUPHIN DE FRANCE / 1558. / TRAITE / DE CATEAU-CAMBRESIS / 1559. / - / MORT 1559.
Reverse description : Légende en 18 lignes.

Commentary


Intéressante médaille signée Caqué et datée 1838. Elle fait partie de la série de 73 médailles en bronze au module de 51mm gravées de 1835 à 1840 par Caqué.

Armand Auguste Caqué, né à Saintes (Charente-Inférieure) le 24 janvier 1795 et mort à Paris le 31 décembre 1881 à l'âge de 86 ans, est un sculpteur, graveur et médailleur français. Graveur officiel de l'empereur Napoléon III. Ses médailles sont signées CAQUÉ F et quelquefois sa signature est suivie de la mention "Graveur de S. M. l'Empereur".

Henri II, né le 31 mars 1519 à Saint-Germain-en-Laye et mort le 10 juillet 1559 à Paris, est roi de France de 1547 à sa mort. Deuxième fils de François Ier et de Claude de France, il devient l'héritier du trône à la mort de son frère aîné en 1536. Il reçoit alors les titres de dauphin et de duc de Bretagne.

Historical background


LOUIS-PHILIPPE I

(7/08/1830-24/02/1848)

Born in Paris in 1773, Louis-Philippe is the eldest son of Louis-Philippe Joseph, Duke of Orléans (Philippe-Égalité), guillotined in 1793 for corruption after having voted for the death of his cousin Louis XVI. He successively bears the titles of Duke of Valois, Chartres and Orleans from 1793. Favorable to the Revolution, like his father, he nevertheless had to take refuge in Switzerland then he traveled to Scandinavia, the United States and finally settled in England in 1801.. The Restoration allows him to find the immense possessions of his family but he remains considered as a potential rival by Louis XVIII who receives him coldly. Refugee in England during the Hundred Days, he returned to France in 1817. Greedy for gain, he gave his support to the opposition represented by the liberal party while relying on the possessing upper middle class.. The days of 1830 gave him the opportunity to come to power after having adhered to the tricolor flag and multiplied the promises. He became on July 31, 1830 lieutenant general of the kingdom then king of the French on August 7. His reign, under a liberal appearance, will become that of the bourgeoisie and business circles while the oppositions (Legitimists, Bonapartists, Republicans and Socialists) are maintained illegally.. His peace policy and his authority then earned him significant prestige with the European courts.. The banker Laffitte is Prime Minister. La Fayette is one of the architects of this "bourgeois revolution". On March 13, 1831, Casimir Périer replaced Laffitte. France intervenes in Belgium in August 1831 to counter the Dutch. The Legitimists, with the rue des Prouvaires plot, try to establish Henry V as king while his mother tries to raise the Vendée. She was arrested on December 3, 1832 in Nantes.. The cholera epidemic kills more than ten thousand people in Paris, including Casimir Périer. General Lamarque's funeral was the occasion for an attempted republican uprising, crushed in blood (see. Wretched). The French occupy Antwerp on December 23, 1832.. Fieschi's attack of July 28, 1835 against Louis-Philippe kills eighteen people including Marshal Mortier. The first Paris-Orléans railway line and the July column were inaugurated on October 24, 1837 and July 28, 1840 respectively.. The year 1840 marked a turning point in the regime, with great ministerial instability before having the Guizot ministry ("Get rich!").. Prince Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, after a second putsch attempt, was sentenced to life imprisonment and locked up in Fort Ham from which he escaped in 1846. Napoleon's ashes are brought from Saint Helena and transferred to Les Invalides. From 1841, Louis-Philippe committed France to the path of the total conquest of Algeria, already begun under Charles X, while a major economic boom developed in Metropolitan France.. A law in 1841 limits child labor to 12 hours. The first serious railway accident took place on the Paris-Versailles line and caused 45 deaths on May 8, 1842. On July 13, the Duke of Orleans, the king's eldest son, died accidentally. On May 16, 1843, the Duke of Aumale took the smala of Abd-el-Kader who managed to escape. Bugeaud, Governor of Algeria, is made Marshal. 1843 is also the beginning of the Entente Cordiale and the visit of Queen Victoria to France. The French beat the Moroccans at Isly. Abd-el-Kader surrenders on December 23, 1847. The refusal of reforms leads to the fall of the regime during the Banquet Campaign and Louis-Philippe, dethroned on February 24, 1848, takes refuge in England after having abdicated in favor of his grandson..

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