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fme_486860 - LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille pour l’ouvrage de L. Vivien, retour des cendres de Napoléon Ier

LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille pour l’ouvrage de L. Vivien, retour des cendres de Napoléon Ier AU
150.00 €(Approx. 178.50$ | 129.00£)
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Type : Médaille pour l’ouvrage de L. Vivien, retour des cendres de Napoléon Ier
Date: 1844
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : copper
Diameter : 52,5 mm
Engraver MONTAGNYJean-Pierre (1789-1862)
Weight : 75,1 g.
Edge : lisse + main CUIVRE
Puncheon : main indicatrice (1845-1860) et CUIVRE
Coments on the condition:
Patine marron hétérogène. Traces de manipulation dans les champs et peu d’usure
Catalogue references :


Obverse description : Tête laurée de Napoélon Ier à droite.


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : L'arrivée des cendres de Napoléon Ier aux Invalides, le cercueil de Napoléon Ier est porté par ses fidèles ; au centre, la France, tenant une branche de laurier et une branche d'olivier, les reçoit; un angelot tient le chiffre N sur un autel ; derrière, les Invalides et au loin la Belle-Poule; le tout sous un aigle portant Napoléon radié.


Médaille avec à l’exergue “PUBLIÉ PAR POURRAT FRÈRES / A PARIS” et signée MONTAGNY FECIT en exergue du revers.
Ce MONTAGNY est probablement Jean-Pierre, dont le frère, le père et les oncles étaient aussi graveurs !

L'ouvrage de L. Vivien, Histoire générale de la Révolution française, de l'Empire, de la restauration, de la Monarchie de 1830 est édité par Pourrat frères en 1844. Cette médaille était certainement une médaille publicitaire commandée par les éditions Pourrat Frères..

Historical background



Born in Paris in 1773, Louis-Philippe was the eldest son of Louis Philippe Joseph, Duke of Orleans (Philippe Egalite), guillotined in 1793 for corruption after having voted the death of his cousin Louis XVI. He wears successively titles of Duke of Valois, Chartres and Orleans from 1793. Favorable to the Revolution, like his father, he must still take refuge in Switzerland and travels in Scandinavia, the United States and finally settled in England in 1801. Restore allows him to find the immense wealth of his family, but is still considered a potential rival by Louis XVIII, who coldly received. Refuge in England during the Hundred Days, he returned to France in 1817. Greedy, he gave his support to the opposition represented by the Liberal Party while relying on high propertied bourgeoisie. The days of 1830 gave him the opportunity to gain power after joining the tricolor and multiplied promises. It is July 31, 1830 Lieutenant General of the Kingdom and the French king on August 7. His reign in a liberal appearance, will become one of the bourgeoisie and the business community while oppositions (legitimists Bonapartist, republican and socialist) are held illegally. Its policy of peace and authority then earned him a certain prestige amongst the European courts. The banker Laffitte Prime Minister. Lafayette is one of the architects of the "bourgeois revolution". March 13, 1831, Casimir Perier replaces Laffitte. France intervenes in Belgium in August 1831 to counter the Dutch. The legitimists with conspiracy Street Prouvaires, trying to establish Henry V as king while his mother tries to raise the Vendée. She was arrested Dec. 3, 1832 in Nantes. Cholera outbreak kills more than ten thousand people in Paris, including Casimir Perier. The funeral of General Lamarque are during a Republican attempted uprising crushed in the blood (cf. Les Misérables). The French occupy Antwerp December 23, 1832. The attack of Fieschi of July 28, 1835 against Louis-Philippe kills eighteen people with Marshal Mortier. The first railway line Paris-Orléans iron and July column are respectively inaugurated October 24, 1837 and July 28, 1840. The year 1840 marked a turning point in the system, a large ministerial instability before the Guizot ministry ("Enrich yourselves!"). Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, after a second coup attempt, was sentenced to life imprisonment and imprisoned in the fortress of Ham he will escape in 1846. Napoleon's ashes are returned to St. Helena and transferred to the Invalides. From 1841, Louis-Philippe of France committed towards the total conquest of Algeria, already begun under Charles X, while develops a major economic boom in Metropolis. A limit law in 1841 child labor in 12 hours. The first serious railway accident took place on the Paris-Versailles line and 45 people May 8, 1842. On July 13, the Duke of Orleans, eldest son of the king, dies accidentally. On 16 May 1843, the Duke of Aumale takes the Abd-el-Kader smala who managed to escape. Bugeaud, Governor of Algeria, is made Marshal. 1843 is also the beginning of the Entente Cordiale and the visit of Queen Victoria in France. The French defeated the Moroccans Isly. Abd-el-Kader went 23 December 1847. Refusal to reform led to the fall of the regime during the Campaign Banquets and Louis-Philippe, dethroned February 24, 1848, took refuge in England after abdicating in favor of his grandson, son.

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