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fme_444570 - LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille de récompense, générosité et dévouement

LOUIS-PHILIPPE I Médaille de récompense, générosité et dévouement XF
65.00 €(Approx. 72.15$ | 55.25£)
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Type : Médaille de récompense, générosité et dévouement
Date: 1832
Mint name / Town : 75 - Paris
Metal : bronze
Diameter : 68 mm
Engraver VATINELLE Ursin-Jules (1798-1881)
Weight : 137 g.
Edge : lisse
Puncheon : sans poinçon
Coments on the condition:
Présence de coups et rayures. Frottement au niveau du nom inscrit au revers. Marques d’usure sur les points hauts

Obverse


Obverse legend : GÉNÉROSITÉ - DÉVOUEMENT // 1832.
Obverse description : Allégorie de la ville portant un jeune homme mourant qu’elle présente devant Esculape ; au-dessus une sorte de monstre ailé.

Reverse


Reverse legend : LOUIS-PHILIPPE / RÉGNANT / LA VILLE DE PARIS / À ...... / LE CTE D’ARGOUT MINISTRE / LE CE.DE BONDY / PRÉFET.
Reverse description : Légende en huit lignes dans une couronne de chêne.

Commentary


Médaille avec une tranche lisse, signée J. Vatinelle Inv. et F..

Le comte Antoine Maurice Apollinaire d'Argout est un homme politique français, ministre et gouverneur de la Banque de France, né à Veyssilieu (Isère) le 28 août 1782 et mort à Paris le 15 janvier 1858.
Malgré ses tentatives sincères pour sauver la monarchie légitime, le comte d'Argout s'accommoda fort bien de la monarchie de Juillet, qui convenait à ses opinions modérées. Dès le 17 novembre 1830, il entra comme ministre de la Marine et Colonies dans le ministère Laffitte, succédant au général Sébastiani. Il contracta le choléra en avril 1832 mais en réchappa et resta comme ministre du Commerce et des Travaux publics dans le ministère Perier (13 mars 1831). Il conserva ce portefeuille dans le premier ministère Soult jusqu'au 31 décembre 1832, date à laquelle il devint ministre de l'Intérieur en remplacement d'Adolphe Thiers, jusqu'au 4 avril 1834, date à laquelle un remaniement l'écarta du ministère.

Ursin-Jules Vatinelle (1798-1881) était un graveur en médailles et il fut l’élève de Gatteaux. A ne pas confondre avec Antoine-Gustave Watrinelle, né le 24 octobre 1828 à Verdun et mort à Ouistreham le 24 avril 1913, qui était un sculpteur français du XIXe siècle..

Historical background


LOUIS-PHILIPPE I.

(7/08/1830-24/02/1848)

Born in Paris in 1773, Louis-Philippe was the eldest son of Louis Philippe Joseph, Duke of Orleans (Philippe Egalite), guillotined in 1793 for corruption after having voted the death of his cousin Louis XVI. He wears successively titles of Duke of Valois, Chartres and Orleans from 1793. Favorable to the Revolution, like his father, he must still take refuge in Switzerland and travels in Scandinavia, the United States and finally settled in England in 1801. Restore allows him to find the immense wealth of his family, but is still considered a potential rival by Louis XVIII, who coldly received. Refuge in England during the Hundred Days, he returned to France in 1817. Greedy, he gave his support to the opposition represented by the Liberal Party while relying on high propertied bourgeoisie. The days of 1830 gave him the opportunity to gain power after joining the tricolor and multiplied promises. It is July 31, 1830 Lieutenant General of the Kingdom and the French king on August 7. His reign in a liberal appearance, will become one of the bourgeoisie and the business community while oppositions (legitimists Bonapartist, republican and socialist) are held illegally. Its policy of peace and authority then earned him a certain prestige amongst the European courts. The banker Laffitte Prime Minister. Lafayette is one of the architects of the "bourgeois revolution". March 13, 1831, Casimir Perier replaces Laffitte. France intervenes in Belgium in August 1831 to counter the Dutch. The legitimists with conspiracy Street Prouvaires, trying to establish Henry V as king while his mother tries to raise the Vendée. She was arrested Dec. 3, 1832 in Nantes. Cholera outbreak kills more than ten thousand people in Paris, including Casimir Perier. The funeral of General Lamarque are during a Republican attempted uprising crushed in the blood (cf. Les Misérables). The French occupy Antwerp December 23, 1832. The attack of Fieschi of July 28, 1835 against Louis-Philippe kills eighteen people with Marshal Mortier. The first railway line Paris-Orléans iron and July column are respectively inaugurated October 24, 1837 and July 28, 1840. The year 1840 marked a turning point in the system, a large ministerial instability before the Guizot ministry ("Enrich yourselves!"). Prince Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, after a second coup attempt, was sentenced to life imprisonment and imprisoned in the fortress of Ham he will escape in 1846. Napoleon's ashes are returned to St. Helena and transferred to the Invalides. From 1841, Louis-Philippe of France committed towards the total conquest of Algeria, already begun under Charles X, while develops a major economic boom in Metropolis. A limit law in 1841 child labor in 12 hours. The first serious railway accident took place on the Paris-Versailles line and 45 people May 8, 1842. On July 13, the Duke of Orleans, eldest son of the king, dies accidentally. On 16 May 1843, the Duke of Aumale takes the Abd-el-Kader smala who managed to escape. Bugeaud, Governor of Algeria, is made Marshal. 1843 is also the beginning of the Entente Cordiale and the visit of Queen Victoria in France. The French defeated the Moroccans Isly. Abd-el-Kader went 23 December 1847. Refusal to reform led to the fall of the regime during the Campaign Banquets and Louis-Philippe, dethroned February 24, 1848, took refuge in England after abdicating in favor of his grandson, son.

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