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fjt_771766 - LANGUEDOC (STATES OF ...) Creusement du canal des deux mers 1677

LANGUEDOC (STATES OF ...) Creusement du canal des deux mers VF
Not available.
Item sold on our e-shop (2022)
Price : 35.00 €
Type : Creusement du canal des deux mers
Date: 1677
Metal : brass
Diameter : 25,5 mm
Orientation dies : 6 h.
Weight : 7,39 g.
Edge : Lisse
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Importantes faiblesses de frappe. Patine hétérogène
Catalogue references :
Predigree :
Jeton provenant de la Collection MARINECHE

Obverse


Obverse legend : .LVD. XIIII. D. G. - FR. ET. NAV. REX..
Obverse description : Buste cuirassé de Louis XIV à droite.
Obverse translation : Louis XIV, par la grâce de Dieu, roi de France et de Navarre.

Reverse


Reverse legend : .APERIT. COMMERCIA. MVNDO. 1677..
Reverse description : Neptune debout de face sur un rocher. Il frappe de son trident la pierre qui s'entrouvre et laisse un passage aux flots de la mer. À l’exergue, la croix de Toulouse entre deux rameaux.
Reverse translation : (Il ouvre au monde de nouvelles voies commerciales).

Commentary


Le revers de ce jeton fait référence à la construction du Canal du Midi autrement connu sous le nom de Canal du Languedoc ou de Canal des Deux-Mers. L'idée de sa création remonte à François Ier. le 15 novembre 1662, Pierre-Paul de Riquet, seigneur de Bonrepos, présenta un projet pour le creusement de ce canal. Un édit du 14 octobre 1666 ordonna le début des travaux qui employèrent environ 12.000 hommes. Les travaux furent achevés le 15 mars 1681 après quinze années de dur labeur ayant nécessité la construction de 126 ponts, 55 aqueducs, 6 barrages, 7 pont-canaux et 1 tunnel. Ce canal qui relie la Garonne à la Méditerranée fait actuellement 240 kilomètres.

Historical background


LANGUEDOC (STATES OF ...)

The Estates of Languedoc were made up of the archbishops and bishops of the province, nobles and delegates from the Third Estate appointed by the municipal bodies. Made up of working commissions, the States had the particular role of managing the accounts and distributing the direct royal taxes advanced in the form of a subscription by this country of states.. They also organized the means of communication through public works contracts. The tokens of the States were originally intended to be distributed to the members of the office of the account then, this distribution was extended to the members of the office of the recruits, to the president of the States, to the syndics general of the seneschalses, to the clerk for the king, to the stock exchange treasurer, etc.. They could also be given as a gratuity or as a tribute to external personalities.. Made in Paris with vintages between 1634 and 1790, these tokens were distributed in the form of purses of around one hundred tokens. The most recent "Directory of tokens and medals of the Estates General of Languedoc" was written by M. Gérard Pinto, Notebooks of the bibliophile agreement of Montpellier, 1993.

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