Obverse legend : LOUIS XVI ROI - DES FRANCOIS. / (MM) 1793. (W SUR UN POINT).
Obverse description : Buste de Louis XVI drapé à gauche, tête nue, les cheveux noués dans le cou par un ruban.
Reverse legend : .LA NATION LA - LOI LE ROI. / L'AN 5 DE LA LIBERTÉ. (MG).
Reverse description : Faisceau sommé d'un bonnet phrygien entre deux branches de chêne, accosté de 2 / S..
The Republic was proclaimed on September 22, 1792 by the Convention. France declares war on England, Holland and Spain in February and March 1793. The first coalition against France is made up of England, Holland, Austria, Russia, Spain , Prussia, Austria and Savoy. The French annex the Rhineland and Basel. Dumouriez, beaten at Neerwinden on March 18, decreed of accusation, goes over to the enemy. On March 10, 1793, the Revolutionary Tribunal was set up, then the Public Safety Committee on April 6. Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday on July 13, 1793. The end of the government of the Girondins on May 31 and June 2 brought their trial and execution on October 31. This is the beginning of the federalist movement in the provinces. Marseilles is taken on August 25 and Lyons on October 17. The Vendeans, who had taken Saumur on June 9, were crushed at Cholet on October 17. The mass levy was decreed on August 23. On September 5, the Convention establishes the Terror.