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Live auction - brm_532947 - JULIUS CAESAR Denier - retiré/withdrawn

JULIUS CAESAR Denier  - retiré/withdrawn AU
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Estimate : 950 €
Price : no bid
Maximum bid : no bid
End of the sale : 26 August 2019 14:00:00
Type : Denier - retiré/withdrawn
Date: 49 AC.
Mint name / Town : Gaule ou Italie
Metal : silver
Millesimal fineness : 950 ‰
Diameter : 18 mm
Orientation dies : 3 h.
Weight : 3,63 g.
Rarity : R1
Coments on the condition:
Exemplaire sur un flan bien centré des deux côtés avec les grènetis visibles. Joli droit bien venu à la frappe. Revers de style fin. Belle patine de collection ancienne avec des reflets dorés

Obverse


Obverse legend : CAESAR À L'EXERGUE.
Obverse description : Éléphant passant à droite ; à ses pieds, un serpent (ou carnyx, trompette gauloise).
Obverse translation : “Cæsar”, (César).

Reverse


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Instruments pontificaux : simpulum, aspersoir, hache à sacrifice, chapeau à sacrifice.

Commentary


Pour ce type, M. Crawford a relevé une estimation de 750 coins de droit et de 833 coins de revers, représentant une production qui pourrait avoisiner les deux à quatre millions de deniers. Pendant très longtemps, on pensa que ce denier avait été frappé par César pendant la Guerre des Gaules entre 58 et 52 avant J.-C., en Gaule même. En fait, il fut fabriqué au début des Guerres Civiles. Il a été imité servilement par les Trévires avec le bronze HIRTIVS (LT. 9235), fortement romanisé.

Historical background


JULIUS CAESAR

(13/07/100-15/03/44 BC) Caius Julius Cæsar

Julius Caesar was born in 100 BC, belonged to the party of Marius and opposed very young Sylla. He was praetor in 62 BC, before training with Pompey and Crassus in the First Triumvirate 59 BC, the year of his consulship. He then received a proconsul imperium in Gaul, renewed 54. He fought Vercingetorix at Alesia Gergovie then. Besieged, the Gallic chieftain had to go. Crassus was killed at Carrhae in Mesopotamia in 53 BC, Caesar was angry with Pompey and marched on Rome in 49 BC In 48 BC, at Pharsalia, he crushed Pompey fled to Egypt where he was murdered. Caesar then had to face the son of Pompey and the Pompeian party. He defeated at Thapsus (Africa, Death of Cato of Utica) in 46 BC and Munda (Spain, death Gnaeus Pompey). Caesar was assassinated on the Ides of March (15 March 44 BC) by Cassius and Brutus. He was deified after his death in 42 BC.

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