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E-auction 502-412961 - bgr_757400 - JUDAEA - HERODIAN KINGDOM - HEROD I Prutah

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Estimate : 180 €
Price : 68 €
Maximum bid : 70 €
End of the sale : 28 November 2022 14:03:00
bidders : 6 bidders
Type : Prutah
Date: c. 37-34 AC.
Mint name / Town : Jerusalem
Metal : copper
Diameter : 15 mm
Orientation dies : 7 h.
Weight : 2,04 g.
Rarity : R2
Coments on the condition:
Monnaie décentrée au droit. Joli revers. Patine vert foncé
Catalogue references :


Obverse description : Légende autour d’une ancre.
Obverse legend : HROD BASIL.
Obverse translation : (Hérode roi).


Reverse legend : ANÉPIGRAPHE.
Reverse description : Deux cornes d’abondance avec un caducée au milieu.

Historical background


(40-4 BC)

Ancestry Idumean Herod's son Antipater. He began his career under Pompey and received the title of tetrarch 40 before J. C-. Mark Antony after serving turn the Caesarian party and that of his assassins. When Labienus invaded Syria with the help of the Parthians, Hyrcanus II was deposed and replaced by his nephew Matthias Antigonus. Finally, Herod was recognized as ruler of Judea. Matthias Antigonus was eventually killed after the capture of Jerusalem. Despite the expansionist aims of Cleopatra VII, Queen of Egypt, Herod argues Marc Anthony in the conflict against Octavian. It retains the confidence of Octavian Augustus became that enlarges its territories. The rest of his reign was devoted to the embellishment of his kingdom with the construction of his new capital, Caesarea and the rebuilding of the Temple. The end of his reign was marred by the killing of his son, Alexander and Aristobulus before 7 J. C-. Antipater and 4 before J. C-. The destruction of the golden eagle placed in the Temple leads savage repression when he dies before 4 J. C-. After his death, Augustus removes the kingdom and survivors of Herod Archelaus, Herod Antipas and Philip son succeeded him as Tetrarch ethnarques and only. Herod goes to the head of the Massacre of the Innocents at the time of the birth of Jesus and leaves a horrible reputation as well as Romans, Jews and Christians. It was a Hellenistic ruler.

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